Why is it that Meno and Socrates conclude that virtue Cannot be taught?

Someone who does not know himself how to drive a car seems unlikely to be able to teach someone else how to. Socrates and Meno much agree that there is no one that truly knows what is meant by “virtue” and because of this reason cannot be taught.

What is the argument in the Meno?

The argument known as “Meno’s Paradox” can be reformulated as follows: If you know what you’re looking for, inquiry is unnecessary. If you don’t know what you’re looking for, inquiry is impossible. Therefore, inquiry is either unnecessary or impossible.

Why does Meno’s first answer fail to define virtue?

Socrates rejects the first definition that Meno offers. Socrates explains to Meno that he has only provided examples of virtues, instead of describing the nature of virtue itself. In order to define virtue itself, one must attempt to pinpoint what it is that makes all examples of virtues virtuous.

What is Socrates argument in Meno?

Socrates remarks that Meno makes many out of one, like somebody who breaks a plate. Meno proposes that virtue is the desire for good things and the power to get them. Socrates points out that this raises a second problem—many people do not recognize evil.

Why can virtue be taught Meno?

Meno, remembering the two hypotheses proposed by Socrates, happily concludes that, since virtue is knowledge, people must learn it by being taught.

Why does Socrates think that virtue is not appropriately defined as the acquiring of goods?

Socrates argues that no one desires what is not good, and that therefore the definition reduces to “the power of acquiring good things” (78c). But of course the good things must be acquired justly, and justice is a “part” of virtue, so the definition is circular (79d).

What is the Meno problem?

In Plato’s Meno, Socrates raises the question of why knowledge is more valuable than mere true belief. Call this the Meno problem or, anticipating distinctions made below, the primary value problem.

What is the overall topic of the Meno?

Virtue, Ignorance, and Knowledge

Virtue is the central concern of Socrates’s dialogue with Meno, as each man struggles to find productive ways to talk about this elusive concept.

What is the theme of Plato’s Meno?

The theme of the Meno is the investigation of virtue with regard to both its essence and our possibility of acquiring it, whether we acquire virtue by nature, teaching, practice, or in some other way.

How does Socrates argue that knowledge is recollection is it a good argument?

Socrates affirms that the ability to recollect knowledge must prove a souls existence before the human form . Through recollection, a person can be reminded by something of another entity that is similar or dissimilar . Socrates gives the example of a lyre bringing to mind the image of the youth to which it belongs .

What kind of question is Meno asking?

The Meno is probably one of Plato’s earliest dialogues, with the conversation dateable to about 402 BCE. The dialogue begins with Meno asking Socrates whether virtue can be taught, and this question (along with the more fundamental question of what virtue is) occupies the two men for the entirety of the text.

What is Socrates response when Meno asks if virtue can be taught?

Socrates’ response: The ability to rule men is only good if the rule is just. But justice is only one of the virtues. So Meno has defined the general concept of virtue by identifying it with one specific kind of virtue.

Why does Socrates reject Meno’s first attempt to define virtue as like a swarm?

Meno next suggests that virtue is being able to rule over people, but Socrates dismisses this suggestion on two grounds: first, it is not virtuous for slaves or children to rule over people, and second, ruling is virtuous only if it is done justly. This response prompts Meno to define virtue as justice.