What does Nietzsche think of Aristotle?

Nietzsche claimed that Aristotle made two errors in his formulation of the tragic experience and especially of the concept of catharsis because he misidentified both. Following Bernays, Nietzsche took the latter to mean ‘purgation of emotions’.

What Nietzsche says about pity?

Nietzsche describes pity as “the most agreeable feeling among those who have little pride and no prospects of great conquests; for them easy prey-and that is what all who suffer are-is enchanting. Pity is praised as the virtue of prostitutes” (GS 87-88).

Does Nietzsche agree with Aristotle?

Interestingly, Nietzsche and Aristotle are agreeing that the correct subject matter of this question of living well should be character. And both are rejecting the primacy of rules or legislation.

How are Aristotle and Nietzsche similar?

It is clear that both Aristotle and Nietzsche share a common conception of acquired dispositions as integral to moral action. The true unification of instinct and habit, however, lies in the connections that each philosopher draws between these acquir ed dispositions and the body.

What does Nietzsche believe about human nature?

With respect to human nature, Friedrich Nietzsche insists that human beings constitute a transitional, not a final, stage of development. Consequently, human beings cannot become too complacent about, or satisfied with, their achievements without endangering their claim to be human.

What is magnificence according to Aristotle?

In the fourth book of the Nicomachean Ethics, magnificence is described as the ethical virtue linked to money: “it is a fitting expenditure involving largeness of scale” (IV, 2, 1122a 23). However, Aristotle insists that the type of expenditure must be appropriate to the circumstance.

What is Aristotle ethics?

Aristotle’s ethics, or study of character, is built around the premise that people should achieve an excellent character (a virtuous character, “ethikē aretē” in Greek) as a pre-condition for attaining happiness or well-being (eudaimonia).

What does Aristotle mean by magnanimity?

Aristotle considers magnanimity to be the greatest virtue. It is concerned with high honors above and beyond what is possible for the average person. This is similar to the virtue magnificence (megaloprepeia) found in the preceding chapter (NE IV. 2), which is concerned with large – scale generosity.

What were Aristotle’s main beliefs?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

What was Aristotle’s main philosophy?

In his metaphysics, he claims that there must be a separate and unchanging being that is the source of all other beings. In his ethics, he holds that it is only by becoming excellent that one could achieve eudaimonia, a sort of happiness or blessedness that constitutes the best kind of human life.

What are the main ideas of Aristotle’s virtue theory?

Aristotle follows Socrates and Plato in taking the virtues to be central to a well-lived life. Like Plato, he regards the ethical virtues (justice, courage, temperance and so on) as complex rational, emotional and social skills.