Why it is better never to come into existence David Benatar summary?

In this book, David Benatar argues that every person is severely harmed by being brought into existence, and that in bringing any person into existence one impermissibly harms that person. His conclusion is not merely that by bringing a person into existence, one harms him.

Why coming into existence is always a harm?

Overall, the upshot is that existence is always a harm because it always entails some sort of pain and suffering. That pain and suffering comes about because of the birth of that being. So that being’s birth always brings harm with it; that harm wouldn’t have existed if the being wasn’t born.

Is the absence of pain good?

The presence of pain is bad. The presence of pleasure is good. The absence of pain is good, even if that good is not enjoyed by anyone.
Asymmetry between pain and pleasure.

Scenario A (X exists) Scenario B (X never exists)
(2) Presence of pleasure (Good) (4) Absence of pleasure (Not bad)

Is it better to never exist?

Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence is a 2006 book by South African philosopher David Benatar, best known for being associated with antinatalism and philosophical pessimism.
Better Never to Have Been.

Author David Benatar
Subject Antinatalism ethics
Genre Philosophy
Publisher Oxford University Press
Publication date 2006

What does Antinatalism refer to?

Antinatalism or anti-natalism is the ethical view that negatively values procreation. Antinatalists argue that humans should abstain from procreation because it is morally wrong. In scholarly and literary writings, various ethical arguments have been put forth in defense of antinatalism.

Is it better never to have been born?

In Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence, Benatar quotes the Greek tragedian Sophocles (“Never to have been born is best / But if we must see the light, the next best / Is quickly returning whence we came”) and the text of Ecclesiastes (“So I have praised the dead that are already dead more than …

How did existentialism begin?

Existentialism in its currently recognizable form was developed by the 19th Century Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard and the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, although neither actually used the term in their work.

What is Antinatalism Quora?

Antinatalism is the way, the truth, and the light. Nobody chose to be born. We were all rudely and selfishly forced into this horrible world to have to endure this horrible thing called life. Our parents did not have us for our benefit, but theirs. And it is for the worse.

Do existentialists believe in God?

Existentialism can be atheistic, theological (or theistic) or agnostic. Some Existentialists, like Nietzsche, proclaimed that “God is dead” and that the concept of God is obsolete. Others, like Kierkegaard, were intensely religious, even if they did not feel able to justify it.

What’s the opposite of existentialism?

So Existentialism is the opposite of nihilism: the nihilist says “There is no god, no heaven or hell, so screw it: there can be no right or wrong.

Do existentialists believe in afterlife?

If you don’t believe in an afterlife, then you should realize, the Existentialists say, that these moments also really, really matter, because they are the totality of you (and, perhaps more importantly, those around you, who will then affect those around them, not only now but in the future, long after you have died.. …

Do Existentialists believe in a soul?

So for the existentialists there are two types of real things, two types of things that exist: BEING-FOR –ITSELF and BEING-IN-ITSELF. There is no proof of souls or spirits or ghosts or deities and thus their existence is nothing other than what people make a decision to believe.

What is the existential dread?

Existential dread often involves questioning your purpose in life, especially after a crisis disrupts your personal values or self-identity. Say you’ve recently lost your job. Whatever that job was, it provided a set of activities, roles, and expectations that defined a significant portion of your daily life.