What did Nietzsche say about Spinoza?
“By degrading Spinoza to a fainting theoretician of power preservation, Nietzsche wishes to gloss over Spinoza’s dangerous proximity to his own “will to power,” a concept he claims as his own original philosophical creation…Under no circumstances does he want to be mistaken for Spinoza.” (Urs Sommer 2012: 173).
Did Nietzsche read Spinoza?
Late in life he read Spinoza, whom he called his “precursor”, in particular for his criticisms of free will, teleology and his thoughts on the role of affects, joy and sadness.
Who is the God of Spinoza?
Spinoza believed that God is “the sum of the natural and physical laws of the universe and certainly not an individual entity or creator”.
What does Spinoza mean by affect?
In Baruch Spinoza’s Ethics, Part III Definition 3, the term “affect” (affectus, traditionally translated as “emotion”) is the modification or variation produced in a body (including the mind) by an interaction with another body which increases or diminishes the body’s power of activity (potentia agendi):
What did Spinoza believe?
Spinoza believed in a “Philosophy of tolerance and benevolence” and actually lived the life which he preached. He was criticized and ridiculed during his life and afterwards for his alleged atheism. However, even those who were against him “had to admit he lived a saintly life”.
Was Spinoza a hedonist?
On the basis of the reading he defends, Carriero draws three consequences for Spinoza’s ethical theory: (1) that Spinoza does not subscribe to hedonism despite remarks that might appear otherwise, (2) that Spinoza rejects a traditional ordering of the passions in favor of embedding the passions in an underlying …
What does Nietzsche mean by affect?
In the particular cases Nietzsche discusses, the process of interpreting one’s occurrent state as this-or-that affect starts with bodily perturbation experienced [End Page 128] as general feeling. He writes, for instance, of “feeling one way or another,” and the “feeling of suffocation” (NF 1883: 24 ).
Who invented affect theory?
psychologist Silvan Tomkins
Affect theory is originally attributed to the psychologist Silvan Tomkins, introduced in the first two volumes of his book Affect Imagery Consciousness (1962).
Is affect the same as affection?
One entry is for the sense meaning “to produce an effect upon (someone)” or “to act upon (a person, a person’s mind or feelings, etc.) so as to effect a response.” This is the sense that applies to affection, as in “She was affected by the young man’s heartfelt speech.”
What is the turn to affect?
A turn to affect that entails a turn away from conventional rationality risks leaving behind concepts like the human, the subject, and agency , and so put at risk the ability to define the social and affect in ways that enable them to do meaningful work.
What is the affective body?
Affective Body Politics of Social Media
Bringing together two theoretical concepts, the notion of “body politics” and that of “affective politics,” we direct attention to the carnal ways in which bodies experience practices of governance, how they affect and are affected by other bodies.
When did the affective turn start?
In the mid-1990s, scholars turned their attention toward the ways that ongoing political, economic, and cultural transformations were changing the realm of the social, specifically that aspect of it described by the notion of affect: pre-individual bodily forces, linked to autonomic responses, which augment or diminish …
What is affect Massumi?
Massumi famously distinguishes emotion from affect. Following Spinoza, he defines affect as “the capacity to affect and be affected.” This locates affect in encounters in the world, rather than the interiority of a psychological subject.
What are happy objects?
an object can become happy: for instance, if you receive something delight- ful in a certain place, then the place itself is invested with happiness, as being. “what” good feeling is directed toward. Or if you are given something by. somebody whom you love, then the object itself acquires more affective.
What is the difference between emotion and affect?
An Affect is a term that encompasses a broad range of feelings that people can experience. It embodies both emotions and moods. An Emotion is an intense feeling that is short-term and is typically directed at a source.