What was Thales known for?

Thales of Miletus, (born c. 624–620 bce—died c. 548–545 bce), philosopher renowned as one of the legendary Seven Wise Men, or Sophoi, of antiquity. He is remembered primarily for his cosmology based on water as the essence of all matter, with Earth a flat disk floating on a vast sea.

Who was the first known philosopher?


Abstract. The first philosopher is usually said to have been Thales.

What is Plato known for in mathematics?

Plato the mathematician is perhaps best known for his identification of 5 regular symmetrical 3-dimensional shapes, which he maintained were the basis for the whole universe, and which have become known as the Platonic Solids: the tetrahedron (constructed of 4 regular triangles, and which for Plato represented fire), …

What is Aristotle known for in mathematics?

Aristotle provides several examples of such triads of terms in mathematics, e.g., two right angles-angles about a point-triangle, or right angle-half two right angles-angle in a semicircle.

Why is Thales the first philosopher?

Aristotle, the major source for Thales’s philosophy and science, identified Thales as the first person to investigate the basic principles, the question of the originating substances of matter and, therefore, as the founder of the school of natural philosophy.

Who invented Thales Theorem?

Thales of Miletus

Thales’s theorem is a special case of the inscribed angle theorem and is mentioned and proved as part of the 31st proposition in the third book of Euclid’s Elements. It is generally attributed to Thales of Miletus, but it is sometimes attributed to Pythagoras.

How are Plato and Aristotle different?

According to a conventional view, Plato’s philosophy is abstract and utopian, whereas Aristotle’s is empirical, practical, and commonsensical.

Who is Socrates philosophy?

Who was Socrates? Socrates was an ancient Greek philosopher, one of the three greatest figures of the ancient period of Western philosophy (the others were Plato and Aristotle), who lived in Athens in the 5th century BCE.

What is Aristotle known for in philosophy?

He made pioneering contributions to all fields of philosophy and science, he invented the field of formal logic, and he identified the various scientific disciplines and explored their relationships to each other. Aristotle was also a teacher and founded his own school in Athens, known as the Lyceum.

Who came first Aristotle Plato or Socrates?

Aristotle’s science. All three of these men lived in Athens for most of their lives, and they knew each other. Socrates came first, and Plato was his student, around 400 BC.

Who is Socrates and Aristotle?

The Socratic philosophers in ancient Greece were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These are some of the most well-known of all Greek philosophers. Socrates (470/469–399 B.C.E.) is remembered for his teaching methods and for asking thought-provoking questions.

What is Plato and Socrates?

Plato was a philosopher during the 5th century BCE. He was a student of Socrates and later taught Aristotle. He founded the Academy, an academic program which many consider to be the first Western university. Plato wrote many philosophical texts—at least 25.

What did Socrates Plato and Aristotle believe?

He believed that wisdom was parallel to one’s ignorance. He believed that one should focus on self-development than on material possession. The profound thoughts of Socrates are known through the work of Plato and Aristotle, and before them it was Xenophon and Aristophanes.

Who is Plato and Aristotle?

Aristotle and Plato were philosophers in ancient Greece who critically studied matters of ethics, science, politics, and more. Though many more of Plato’s works survived the centuries, Aristotle’s contributions have arguably been more influential, particularly when it comes to science and logical reasoning.

How is Aristotle different from Socrates?

Introduction. While Socrates casted fatalistic and monolithic dispositions in his analysis and elaborated his thoughts in dialectic form, Aristotle, in contrast, embraced freedom of choice and diversity (pluralism) and articulated the importance of contingent particularity of historical experiences.

What is Plato theory?

Definition of The Theory of Forms

In basic terms, Plato’s Theory of Forms asserts that the physical world is not really the ‘real’ world; instead, ultimate reality exists beyond our physical world. Plato discusses this theory in a few different dialogues, including the most famous one, called ‘The Republic.

How is Plato’s philosophy different from Socrates?

Socrates has his teachings centered primarily around epistemology and ethics while Plato was quite concerned with literature, education, society, love, friendship, rhetoric, arts, etc. Socrates disagreed with the concept of overreaching; he describes it as a foolish way to live.