The virtuous agent is the agent who has a fully developed moral character, who possesses the virtues and acts in accordance with them, and who knows what to do by example.

Who is an example of a virtuous person?

Virtues are habits. That is, once they are acquired, they become characteristic of a person. For example, a person who has developed the virtue of generosity is often referred to as a generous person because he or she tends to be generous in all circumstances.

Who is a virtuous person according to Aristotle?

A virtuous person is someone who performs the distinctive activity of being human well. Rationality is our distinctive activity, that is, the activity that distinguishes us from plants and animals. All living things have a nutritive soul, which governs growth and nutrition.

Who is a morally virtuous person?

A virtuous person is a person who acts virtuously. A person acts virtuously if they “possess and live the virtues” A virtue is a moral characteristic that a person needs to live well.

Who is the most virtuous according to Aristotle?

For Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).

What for Plato were the four main virtues?

The catalogue of what in later tradition has been dubbed ‘the four cardinal Platonic virtues’ – wisdom, courage, moderation, and justice – is first presented without comment.

How many virtues did Aristotle have?

Aristotle identifies approximately eighteen virtues that enable a person to perform their human function well.

What is virtue according to Socrates?

Virtue is knowledge. According to Socrates, “Virtue is knowledge” because through virtue you can live your life in the best possible manner.

What is virtue according to Plato?

Description: In early Plato, Socrates advances two theses regarding virtue. He suggests that virtue is a kind of knowledge, similar to the expertise involved in a craft; and he suggests that the five virtues (wisdom, temperance, courage, justice and piety) form a unity.

WHO declared that a virtuous person is someone who has ideal character traits?

Aristotle

Most virtue ethics theories take their inspiration from Aristotle who declared that a virtuous person is someone who has ideal character traits. These traits derive from natural internal tendencies, but need to be nurtured; however, once established, they will become stable.

What does Aristotle say about virtue ethics?

Aristotle replies: “Virtue makes the goal right, practical wisdom the things leading to it” (1144a7–8). By this he cannot mean that there is no room for reasoning about our ultimate end. For as we have seen, he gives a reasoned defense of his conception of happiness as virtuous activity.

How do we become virtuous?

What are virtues? Aristotle sees virtues as character traits and tendencies to act in a particular way. We gain them through practice and by copying ‘moral exemplars’ until we manage to internalize the virtue. We become temperate by practicing temperance, courageous by practicing courage, and so on.

Who was the first philosopher to give such list of the four main virtues?

Plato identified the four cardinal virtues with the classes of the city described in The Republic, and with the faculties of man. Plato narrates a discussion of the character of a good city where the following is agreed upon.

What did Socrates recognize as the greatest of human virtues?

Socrates found that his fellow citizens cared more for wealth, reputation, and their bodies while neglecting their souls (Apology 29d-30b). He believed that his mission from the god was to examine his fellow citizens and persuade them that the most important good for a human being was the health of the soul.

How many virtues are there according to Socrates?

Four Cardinal Virtues

Having now in theory founded the ideal state, Socrates proceeds to try to determine the essential virtues that may be said to characterize it (the Four Cardinal Virtues): wisdom, courage, temperance, and justice. (See Analysis, Book I, Section One) Socrates first seeks to identify wisdom in the state.

What were Aristotle’s two kinds of virtues?

There are two kinds of virtue: intellectual and moral. We learn intellectual virtues by instruction, and we learn moral virtues by habit and constant practice.

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