Peter AdamsonPeter Adamson called this argument one of the most influential medieval arguments for God’s existence, and Avicenna’s biggest contribution to the history of philosophy.
How did Avicenna prove the existence of God?
Avicenna’s argument for the existence of God attempts to show that if anything exists, then a Necessary Being, namely God, must exist; his proof for the eternity of the world attempts to show that if it is even possible that the world ex- ists, then the world must be eternal.
Which philosopher proved the existence of God?
His research focuses on metaphysics, ethics, and philosophy of biology. René Descartes‘ (1596-1650) “Proofs of God’s Existence” is a series of arguments that he posits in his 1641 treatise (formal philosophical observation) “Meditations on First Philosophy,” first appearing in “Meditation III.
Why is Ibn called Avicenna?
Name. Avicenna is a Latin corruption of the Arabic patronym Ibn Sīnā (ابن سينا), meaning “Son of Sina”. However, Avicenna was not the son but the great-great-grandson of a man named Sina.
What is the ontological argument for God’s existence?
As an “a priori” argument, the Ontological Argument tries to “prove” the existence of God by establishing the necessity of God’s existence through an explanation of the concept of existence or necessary being . Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury first set forth the Ontological Argument in the eleventh century.
How did the medieval philosophers explain God’s existence?
Therefore, the argument states that if God only exists as an idea, then our imaginations can think of something greater than god. However, this is contradictory to the fundamental concept of God, who, by nature, is all-powerful and is the greatest. Therefore, according to Anselm’s ontological argument, God exists.
What are the contribution of Ibn Sina?
Ibn Sina, known in the West as Avicenna, was the most famous and influential of all the Islamic philosopher-scientists. His most important medical works are the Canon of Medicine medical encyclopedia and a treatise on cardiac drugs.
Who came up with the ontological argument?
St. Anselm of Canterbury
The first, and best-known, ontological argument was proposed by St. Anselm of Canterbury in the 11th century C.E. In his Proslogion, St. Anselm claims to derive the existence of God from the concept of a being than which no greater can be conceived.
What is Kant’s ontological argument?
According to Kant, the refutation of the ontological argument entails the refutation of the cosmological argument. The later infers the existence of a necessary being from the existence in general. Kant states it briefly: “If anything exists, an absolutely necessary being must also exist” (B633).