What is Jacques Derrida theory?

Derrida contends that the opposition between speech and writing is a manifestation of the “logocentrism” of Western culture—i.e., the general assumption that there is a realm of “truth” existing prior to and independent of its representation by linguistic signs.

What religion was jacques Derrida?

Sephardic Jewish

Life and Works. Derrida was born on July 15, 1930 in El-Biar (a suburb of Algiers), Algeria (then a part of France), into a Sephardic Jewish family. Because Derrida’s writing concerns auto-bio-graphy (writing about one’s life as a form of relation to oneself), many of his writings are auto-biographical.

How does Derrida critique the Western metaphysics?

Derrida criticized the Western “metaphysics of presence” for its systematic tendency to emphasize or favour (“privilege”) concepts such as unity, identity, and totality over otherness, difference, and marginality.

Is Derrida a Phenomenologist?

Derrida’s initial work in philosophy was largely phenomenological, and his early training as a philosopher was done largely through the lens of Husserl. Other important inspirations on his early thought include Nietzsche, Heidegger, Saussure, Levinas and Freud.

What did Derrida say about deconstruction?

Derrida states that deconstruction is an “antistructuralist gesture” because “[s]tructures were to be undone, decomposed, desedimented”. At the same time, deconstruction is also a “structuralist gesture” because it is concerned with the structure of texts.

What is the deconstruction theory attributed to Derrida?

Derrida, who coined the term deconstruction, argues that in Western culture, people tend to think and express their thoughts in terms of binary oppositions (white / black, masculine / feminine, cause /effect, conscious /unconscious, presence / absence, speech writing).

Did Derrida believe in truth?

For Derrida, to assert that truth is constructed, and can be deconstructed, is not to eliminate the possibility that it exists. His primary target was how the notion of “truth” was wielded in philosophy: a monolithic, unitary, self-explanatory entity, much like how “God” functioned in religion.

How Derrida challenges the belief of one particular meaning?

The challenge for Derrida is that his own attempt to tackle the problem cannot start from the same origins as the traditional one but has no other base to start from. He thus has to use some of the concepts of that tradition but use them in new ways and give new significations to them.