What are the 3 types of equality?

III. Types of Equality:

  • Natural Equality: Despite the fact that men differ in respect of their physical features, psychological traits, mental abilities and capacities, all humans are to be treated as equal humans. …
  • Social Equality: …
  • Civil Equality: …
  • Political Equality: …
  • Economic Equality: …
  • Legal Equality:


What are the 4 types of equality?

In the political thought, equality is described that all human beings are equal, and equality in distribution, namely equal distribution of wealth, social opportunities and political power. There are different types of equality such as political, social, legal, natural, and economic equality.

What makes human being equal?

In fact, the very first article of the UN Declaration of Human Rights states that “all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights.” Everybody has an idea of what equality means. It’s the state of being equal in status, rights, or opportunities. It’s about fairness, justice, and non-discrimination.

What is distributive equality?

If two situations are equally good in terms of well-being, and one is better than the other in terms of equality, it is better. If two situations are equally good both in terms of well-being and in terms of equality, they are equally good.

What is the meaning of substantive equality?

Substantive equality recognizes that the law must take elements such as discrimination, marginalization, and unequal distribution into account in order to achieve equal results for basic human rights, opportunities, and access to goods and services.

What is equality and what are the types of equality?

Equality – Key Terms & Types

Equality Types Explanations/Examples
Political access to the same processes and opportunities; the right to vote or run for a political office
Economic everyone has the right to equal pay for equal work; no pay differentials based on gender

What is the difference between retributive and distributive justice?

This article points out that there are four different types of justice: distributive (determining who gets what), procedural (determining how fairly people are treated), retributive (based on punishment for wrong-doing) and restorative (which tries to restore relationships to “rightness.”) All four of these are …

What is egalitarian distributive justice?

Distributive justice is another form of egalitarianism that addresses life outcomes and the allocation of valuable things such as income, wealth, and other goods. The proper metric of equality is a contentious issue.

What is social and distributive justice?

Distributive Justice, Theories of



Distributive justice is concerned with the fair distribution of the burdens and benefits of social cooperation among diverse persons with competing needs and claims.

What is the difference between commutative and distributive justice?

This is what Plato meant when he argued that ‘justice is giving each person their due’, and what Aristotle implied by saying that distributive justice involves ‘treating equals equally’ and commutative justice involves giving people what they deserve.

What is the difference between retributive and restorative justice?

Retributive justice essentially refers to the repair of justice through unilateral imposition of punishment, whereas restorative justice means the repair of justice through reaffirming a shared value-consensus in a bilateral process.

What is the difference between general justice and particular justice?

Universal justice is that state of a person who is generally lawful and fair. Particular justice deals with the “divisible” goods of honor, money, and safety, where one person’s gain of such goods results in a corresponding loss by someone else.

What are the two types of justice?

Aristotle divides justice – understood as fairness in individuals’ shares – into two forms, distributive and corrective.

How do distributive and commutative justice relate to general justice and particular justice?

61,1: St. Thomas divides justice into commutative justice, which deals with the relations between individuals within a given community, and distributive justice, which deals with the relation of the community as a whole to individuals.

What are examples of distributive justice?

Distributive justice certainly is achieved when equals receive the same allocation of benefits. For example, public programs that provide social security or medical care to all elderly and retired persons are examples of distributive justice in a constitutional democracy.

What is an example of retributive justice?

Many people regard the death penalty, practiced in 31 of our states and the federal government, as retributive justice. In this instance, the death penalty, or capital punishment, is used to punish murderers: in other words ”a life for a life”.

What is an example of procedural justice?

Procedural Justice Examples



If a company has a strict tardiness policy, with specific punishments if employees are repeatedly late, that policy must apply to every person at every level. If some people are exempt from the rule, procedural justice is not being enacted.

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