What is Foucault’s archaeological method?

Archeology is the term Foucault gives to his method, which seeks to describe discourses in the conditions of their emergence and transformation rather than in their deeper, hidden meaning, their propositional or logical content, or their expression of an individual or collective psychology.

What is Michel Foucault philosophy?

Foucault’s entire philosophy is based on the assumption that human knowledge and existence are profoundly historical. He argues that what is most human about man is his history. He discusses the notions of history, change and historical method at some length at various points in his career.

What is Michel Foucault known for?

Michel Foucault began to attract wide notice as one of the most original and controversial thinkers of his day with the appearance of The Order of Things in 1966. His best-known works included Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison (1975) and The History of Sexuality, a multivolume history of Western sexuality.

How does Foucault define statement?

Foucault begins by writing that the term ‘statement’ has been used. both to speak of a ‘population’ of statements and as a point of contrast. to discourse considered ‘whole’. He then presents the following quali- fied description, which immediately raises the question of the relation.

Why did Foucault call his method the Archaeology of knowledge?

Michel Foucault called his method, ‘the archaeology of knowledge’ Because he recognized the fact that history based on the chronological event is not the correct way to form history, it is about the changes or the transformation which takes place in the past which archaeology explains.

What is the archaeological method?

Archaeological excavation is the controlled examination and removal of the buried deposits and features that make up archaeological sites, Scientific Dating. Scientific dating uses biological and physical methods for assessing the time when things happened in the past.

What are the two main types of power according to Foucault?

As modes of power in democracies, Foucault explicitly identified:

  • Sovereign power.
  • Disciplinary power.
  • Pastoral power.
  • Bio-power.

What is Foucault’s theory of disciplinary power?

DISCIPLINARY POWER & CONSUMER RESEARCH. According to Foucault disciplinary power characterises the way in which the relations of inequality and oppression in modern western societies are (re)produced through the psychological complex.

How According to Foucault the literary discourse is ordered?

To think outside them is defined as mad. Thus, discourse is linked to power. These tasks require methodological principles: first, a principle of reversal; second, a principle of discontinuity; third, a principle of specificity; fourth, a principle of exteriority.

What does Foucault mean by force relations?

In Foucault’s The History of Sexuality, he states that power is “the multiplicity of force relations immanent in the sphere in which they constitute their own organization”(92). Power itself can relate to the hierarchy of a boss to his employees or even the more traditional teacher-student scenario among others.

What is Foucault’s Governmentality?

Governmentality, an expression originally formulated by the 20th-century French philosopher Michel Foucault, combines the terms government and rationality. Government in this sense refers to conduct, or an activity meant to shape, guide, or affect the conduct of people.

What is Panopticism according to Foucault?

Panopticism. Whereas the panopticon is the model for external surveillance, panopticism is a term introduced by French philosopher Michel Foucault to indicate a kind of internal surveillance. In panopticism, the watcher ceases to be external to the watched.