What does speculative mean in philosophy?

Definition of speculative philosophy

1 : a philosophy professing to be founded upon intuitive or a priori insight and especially insight into the nature of the Absolute or Divine broadly : a philosophy of the transcendent or one lacking empirical bases.

What is speculative approach?

Speculative philosophy, is a form of theorizing that goes beyond verifiable observation; specifically, a philosophical approach informed by the impulse to construct a grand narrative of a worldview that encompasses the whole of reality.

What does Hegel mean by speculative?

Hegel describes his philosophy as speculative. In Hegel speculative does not mean wild or lacking a warrant: it pertains to the point of view of reason above natural consciousness and the understanding, at which contradictions are resolved.

What is metaphysical rationalism?

A metaphysical rationalist is someone who endorses the Principle of Sufficient Reason (PSR), the principle that everything has an explanation.

What is speculative thinking?

Speculative thinking refers to thinking about past or future possibilities; it includes counterfactual thinking, prefactual thinking, and other types. In this narrative review, we discuss the traditional function of speculative thinking in improving future performance (i.e., the preparatory function).

What is speculative knowledge?

a type of theoretical knowledge deduced by means of reflection, without recourse to experience, that seeks to explore the limits of science and culture. Speculative knowledge is a historically determined means of establishing and developing systems of philosophy.

What is speculation with example?

Speculation is the act of formulating an opinion or theory without fully researching or investigating. An example of speculation is the musings and gossip about why a person got fired when there is no evidence as to the truth.

What do you mean by speculate?

Definition of speculate

intransitive verb. 1a : to meditate on or ponder a subject : reflect. b : to review something idly or casually and often inconclusively.

What is speculative intellect?

speculative intellect – the faculty of knowing for the sake of knowing. speculative science – sometimes just called “science”; the type of knowing characteristic of the speculative intellect; see speculative intellect and science.

What is the difference between speculative and practical philosophy?

The difference between the practical and speculative intellects is that the speculative is concerned only with the truth, whereas the practical apprehends the truth for the sake of some further end.

Who is the philosopher who pointed out that knowledge is not merely theoretical or speculative but also practical *?


In the final section of the Critique, Kant argues that knowledge is not the only or even the primary end of reason: in its practical use, reason addresses our role within the world.

What is the practical intellect?

For Aristotle,phronēsis, the excellence of the practical intellect, is two-fold, consisting of a true conception of the end to be achieved by action and correct deliberation about the means to achieve that end.

What is practical wisdom according to Aristotle?

Practical wisdom is knowing what is good, right, or best, given a particular set of circumstances. The roots of this idea can be traced back more than 2,400 years to to Aristotle in Ancient Greece. Aristotle attempted to distinguish different kinds of knowledge—different ways of knowing.

What is reason Aristotle?

Reason is a type of thought, and logic involves the attempt to describe a system of formal rules or norms of appropriate reasoning. The oldest surviving writing to explicitly consider the rules by which reason operates are the works of the Greek philosopher Aristotle, especially Prior Analysis and Posterior Analysis.

What is practical philosophy Aristotle?

‘Practical Philosophy’ points out that no one can be said to flourish as a human being unless exercising distinctively human faculties. Aristotle is not asking what makes us happy, and he is not concerned with how we should lead our lives, in a moral sense. He wants to instruct us in how to make a success of our lives.

Why is metaphysics considered speculative?

Metaphysics is considered to be speculative because it deals with and provides abstract answers as compared to other natural and scientific

What are the speculative division of philosophy?

Speculative philosophy is subdivided into general metaphysics and special metaphysics. The general metaphysics is further divided into ontology/metaphysics and epistemology while the special metaphysics is in its turn subdivided into cosmology, natural theology and aesthetics.