This project examines the role of the Left Hegelian school of philosophy in Crime and Punishment by Fyodor DostoevskyFyodor DostoevskyBorn in Moscow in 1821, Dostoevsky was introduced to literature at an early age through fairy tales and legends, and through books by Russian and foreign authors. His mother died in 1837 when he was 15, and around the same time, he left school to enter the Nikolayev Military Engineering Institute.

What is Raskolnikov’s philosophy?

For Raskolnikov, all men are divided into two categories: ordinary and extraordinary. The ordinary man has to live in submission and has no right to transgress the law because he is ordinary. On the contrary, the extraordinary men have the right to commit any crime and to transgress the law in any way.

What is the philosophy in Crime and Punishment?

Alienation from Society

Alienation is the primary theme of Crime and Punishment. At first, Raskolnikov’s pride separates him from society. He sees himself as superior to all other people and so cannot relate to anyone. Within his personal philosophy, he sees other people as tools and uses them for his own ends.

What does Raskolnikov represent in Crime and Punishment?

Raskolnikov’s true self struggles against the immorality of being ‘extraordinary’. He is a loving son and good friend. From this comes his acts of kindness and great love for others. Twice, he helps out the family of Semyon Marmeladov.

Is Crime and Punishment a philosophical book?

In Crime and Punishment, Fyodor Dostoevsky uses the commission of a double-murder to initiate and organize a diverse set of philosophical reflections. This volume contains seven essays that approach the novel through philosophical themes in order to offer both readings of the text and continuations of its reflections.

Was Raskolnikov a nihilist?

Raskolnikov says he loves his family, and he does, but he also isolates himself emotionally, out of feeling superior. Raskolnikov’s unsentimental behavior and lack of concern for others’ feelings make him a good example of a nihilist.

What is utilitarianism criminology?

The utilitarian theory of punishment seeks to punish offenders to discourage, or “deter,” future wrongdoing. The retributive theory seeks to punish offenders because they deserve to be punished. Under the utilitarian philosophy, laws should be used to maximize the happiness of society.

Is Crime and Punishment an existentialist novel?

The novel “Crime and Punishment” by Fyodor Dostoevsky is a hard one to read. It taps into the eternal existential questions about the value of life, its meaning and moral code of the society.

What is nihilism in Crime and Punishment?

In Crime and Punishment, Raskolnikov adopts the philosophy of nihilism, which is a disdain for the things that traditionally drive morality, such as family, religion, and societal norms. Raskolnikov has not seen his mother in 3 years and seems to enjoy the pain the separation causes her.

Does Raskolnikov have a mental illness?

At his trial, Raskolnikov is diagnosed as suffering from ‘some sort of temporary insanity … a morbid monomania of murder and robbery’ (p. 536).

Why Crime and Punishment is a psychological novel?

The novel is psychological and deals with the human nature of self. The theory of psychoanalysis tries to explore human self ad other human behavioural tendencies as well human relationships. As a psychological novel, it largely focuses much on the internal mind and function of the character Raskalnikov.

Is Dostoevsky an existentialist?

Fyodor Mikhailovich Dostoevsky (1821–1881) was a Russian novelist, journalist, and essayist whose literary works are foundational texts in the history of existentialism. Dostoevsky (sometimes spelled Dostoyevsky) explored the loneliness and desperation of the human condition.

How did existentialism begin?

Existentialism in its currently recognizable form was developed by the 19th Century Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard and the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, although neither actually used the term in their work.

What is the school of existentialism?

Existentialism is a school of thought that attempts to break down much of the foundations of thought itself, to allow for reasoning unbridled by preconceived notions. In a sense the idea attacks the structure of normal reasoning, in an effort to render what is thought to be known as questionable rather than inherent.

What branch of philosophy is existentialism?

Existentialism (/ˌɛɡzɪˈstɛnʃəlɪzəm/ /ˌɛksəˈstɛntʃəˌlɪzəm/) is a form of philosophical inquiry that explores the problem of human existence and centers on the subjective experience of thinking, feeling, and acting.

Who is the father of existentialism?

Søren Kierkegaard

Søren Kierkegaard (1813-1855) as an Existentialist Philosopher. Kierkegaard was many things: philosopher, religious writer, satirist, psychologist, journalist, literary critic and generally considered the ‘father’ of existentialism.

Did Kierkegaard believe in God?

Kierkegaard believed that Christianity was not a doctrine to be taught, but rather a life to be lived. He considered that many Christians who were relying totally on external proofs of God were missing out a true Christian experience, which is precisely the relationship one individual can have with God.

What is the philosophy of Heidegger?

Heidegger put forth a broad array of key tenets within his phenomenological philosophy. These tenets include the concept of being, being in the world, encounters with entities in the world, being with, temporality, spatiality, and the care structure.