Hobbes believed that the social contract was designed to invest absolute power in a ruler to govern the citizenry. Locke believed that the social contract meant investing some power in the hands of the ruler, whose power would be used to protect his citizens’ human rights.

What was a main difference between the social contract theories of Hobbes and Locke?

Locke believed that we have the right to life as well as the right to just and impartial protection of our property. Any violation of the social contract would one in a state of war with his fellow countrymen. Conversely, Hobbes believed that if you simply do what you are told, you are safe.

What is the social contract according to Hobbes and Locke?

Hobbes and Locke argued that the state had arisen out of a voluntary agreement, or social contract, made by individuals who recognised that only the establishment of sovereign power could safeguard them from the insecurity of the state of nature.

In what two ways did Locke disagree with Hobbes ideas about the social contract?

He also agreed that a social contract was needed to assure peace. But he disagreed with Hobbes on two major points. First, Locke argued that natural rights such as life, liberty, and property existed in the state of nature. He believed they could never be taken away or even voluntarily given up by individuals.

What is the difference between Hobbes and Locke state of nature?

For instance, Locke perceives the law of nature to preside over the state of nature, in which individuals and their properties are not necessarily in constant danger. Conversely, Hobbes’s state of nature is the state of war, which cause men to come to the conclusion that they must always be in pursuit of peace.

How did the ideas of Hobbes and Locke differ quizlet?

Hobbes believed in a powerful government that controlled the people so that they not be greedy and cruel. Locke believed in natural rights and thought people were basically reasonable and that they had a right to life, liberty and property.

How did Hobbes and Locke differ in their social contract theories of government quizlet?

Hobbes believed that a social contract was necessary to protect people from their own worst instincts. On the other hand, Locke believed that a social contract was necessary to protect people’s natural rights. Locke believed that if government did not protect people’s rights, they could reject it.

How do Hobbes and Locke differ in their views of human nature?

Locke and Hobbes had very different views regarding human nature. Locke claimed human nature as reason and Hobbes claimed it as power and appetite. Locke believes that reason is the primary attribute of human nature. Hobbes, on the other hand, thinks that people only care about power and appetite.

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