Functionalism: If two systems are functionally equivalent (same outputs for the same inputs) then they’re mentally equivalent (same consciousness, intentionality, etc.) Searle opposes functionalism, not materialism. A complex system of water pipes, etc.

What is Searle’s argument?

The Chinese room argument is a thought experiment of John Searle. It is one of the best known and widely credited counters to claims of artificial intelligence (AI), that is, to claims that computers do or at least can (or someday might) think.

Does Searle support functionalism?

John Searle is not among this group. He rejects functionalism and does not believe that the Turing Test is a reliable test for intelligence. In fact, he believes that he has an argument that shows that no classical artificial intelligence program [see Computer Types: Classical vs.

What is Searle’s main objection to strong AI?

Indeed, Searle accuses strong AI of dualism, writing that “strong AI only makes sense given the dualistic assumption that, where the mind is concerned, the brain doesn’t matter.”

What is Searle’s objection to the robot reply?

Searle argues that the robot reply does not demonstrate that robots can have intentional states (e.g. beliefs, desires etc.). He considers a computer controlling the robot. He argues that a man in a room could follow the program of that computer. Thus his “man in the Chinese Room” could be inside the head of a robot.

What is main claim of John Searle’s Chinese room argument?

Searle goes on to say, “The point of the argument is this: if the man in the room does not understand Chinese on the basis of implementing the appropriate program for understanding Chinese then neither does any other digital computer solely on that basis because no computer, qua computer, has anything the man does not …

What is the main point of Searle’s Chinese Room argument quizlet?

Terms in this set (8)

What is the Chinese Room Argument? That computer programs properly constructed can produce sophisticated linguistic output indistinguishable from a human.

Which of the following best summarizes Searle’s response to the robot reply?

Which of the following best characterizes Searle’s response to the Robot Reply? Putting the program into a robot concedes that merely running a program is not sufficient for understanding.

What is Searle’s Chinese room thought experiment to show?

In his so-called “Chinese-room argument,” Searle attempted to show that there is more to thinking than this kind of rule-governed manipulation of symbols. The argument involves a situation in which a person who does not understand Chinese is locked in a room.

Does Searle believe in weak AI?

Searle attacks strong strong AI, while most of his opponents defend weak strong AI. This paper explores some of Searle’s concepts and shows that there are interestingly different versions of the ‘Strong AI’ thesis, connected with different kinds of reliability of mechanisms and programs.

What does Searle think his Chinese room thought experiment shows quizlet?

Terms in this set (13) Searle is inside a room that shows a screen with inputs written in Chinese, but he does not know Chinese, so they look like meaningless squiggles. There is an output chute where he can put the correct output according to an English rulebook that tells you how to manipulate the symbols.

Do computers think John Searle summary?

John Searle’s Chinese Room argument can be used to argue that computers do not “think,” that computers do not understand the symbols that they process. For example, if you’re typing an email to your friend on the computer, the computer does not understand what your message to your friend means.

Does Searle believe computers can think?

In “Can Computers Think?” John Searle claims that by definition, computers cannot think, nor will they ever, no matter how much technology manages to advance in the future. Searle defends his claim by providing an outline and an interesting thought experiment.