Who was the most influential philosopher of that time?


Aristotle. Aristotle (384–322 BCE), who follows Socrates and Plato as the third member of the great triumvirate of ancient Greek philosophers, is arguably the most important thinker who ever lived.

Why was Aristotle’s belief more widely accepted?

The important take away point is that Aristotle’s ideas were accepted because he could “prove” them by completing a sort of experiment. Whereas Democritus’ idea of an indivisible atom could not be proved, thus it was quickly rejected.

What is the historical development of philosophy?

The golden age of Greek philosophy took place in Athens in the 5th century BC. The works of Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle informed thousands of years of thought, becoming central to thought in the Roman world, the Middle Ages, and then resurfacing in the renaissance and later.

What is Hellenistic theory?

The big idea of Hellenistic ethics is the unreasonableness of assuming that a socially predetermined, un-thought-out context could ever be a basis for long-term happiness and excellence.

Who contributed the most to philosophy?

Major Philosophers and Their Ideas

  1. Saint Thomas Aquinas (1225–1274) …
  2. Aristotle (384–322 BCE) …
  3. Confucius (551–479 BCE) …
  4. René Descartes (1596–1650) …
  5. Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803 82) …
  6. Michel Foucault (1926-1984) …
  7. David Hume (1711–77) …
  8. Immanuel Kant (1724–1804)

Who was the most influential philosopher in ancient Greece?


Socrates is one of the most famous Greek philosophers in history, and his thirst for knowledge changed the course of philosophy forever. Socrates was born in 469 BC and he served in the Peloponnesian War.

What gave rise to Hellenistic philosophy?

The two schools of thought that dominated Hellenistic philosophy were Stoicism, as introduced by Zeno of Citium, and the writings of Epikouros. Stoicism, which was also greatly enriched and modified by Zeno’s successors, notably Chrysippos (ca. 280–207 B.C.), divided philosophy into logic, physics, and ethics.

What was the Hellenistic period known for?

The Hellenistic period was characterized by a new wave of Greek colonization which established Greek cities and kingdoms in Asia and Africa. This resulted in the export of Greek culture and language to these new realms, spanning as far as modern-day India.

What was the main focus of Hellenistic philosophy?

A common element of the philosophers in Hellenistic age was that the focus of Philosophy was shifting from general understanding of the universe to individual life and its perception as an “art of life”. Philosophy ends up being a driver of life and a source of relief, a healing art, a way to cope with a hostile world.

Who was the philosopher whose ethics influenced all the Hellenistic schools of philosophy?

Socrates‘ thought was therefore influential for many of these schools of the period, leading them to focus on ethics and how to reach eudaimonia (the good life), and some of them followed his example of using self-discipline and autarky to this end.

How did Hellenistic thinkers influence the field of philosophy?

How did Hellenistic thinkers influence the field of philosophy? – They spread the idea of using logic to explain things. – They used logic to provide evidence that the gods were real. – They inspired people to publish books about philosophy.

How did religion philosophy and science develop in the Hellenistic world?

how did religion, philosophy, and science develop in the Hellenistic world? The kings built temples to old Olympian gods and promoted ceremonies. their religion blended Greek and non Greek elements. Others turned practical philosophies that provided advice on how to live a good life.

How did Hellenism start?

Introduction. The three centuries of Greek history between the death of the Macedonian king Alexander the Great in 323 B.C.E. and the rise of Augustus in Rome in 31 B.C.E. are collectively known as the Hellenistic period (1).

Who created Hellenism?

Alexander the Great

The Hellenistic world is that world that was created after the conquests of the near east by Alexander the Great at the end of the fourth century B.C. And his conquest, which extended from India all the way through Egypt, [was] divided into three main areas within 20 years after his death.

How did the Greek religion change during the Hellenistic period?

Apart from these rare occurrences, change in Hellenistic religion has two forms: the introduction of new cults and a changing degree of importance among existing cults.

How did Greek religion change during the Hellenistic period quizlet?

How did Greek religion change during the Hellenistic period? The Greeks became very receptive to the eastern religious mystery cults. Ptolemaic. portrayed Philip II as a looming threat to Greek freedom.

How did Hellenism influence Christianity?

Today, much of modern Christianity has become inseparable from Greek philosophy and thought. The New Testament and other parts of the Bible are considered Hellenistic in form, and much of Christian art throughout the centuries has been based on a Greek artistic and sculptural sensibility.