The fallacy would be more along the lines of “It doesn’t affect me; and therefore, it’s irrelevant.” This would be an over-generalization fallacy, that all members of the set that includes you must respond in the same way you do.

What is the ignorance fallacy?

This fallacy occurs when you argue that your conclusion must be true, because there is no evidence against it. This fallacy wrongly shifts the burden of proof away from the one making the claim.

What are the 5 different fallacies?

Let us consider five of the most common informal logical fallacies—arguments that may sound convincing but actually rely on a flaw in logic.

  • (1) Red Herring Fallacy. …
  • (2) Strawman Fallacy. …
  • (3) Slippery Slope Fallacy. …
  • (4) Begging the Question Fallacy. …
  • (5) Post Hoc Fallacy.

What are the 3 fallacies?

Species of Fallacious Arguments. The common fallacies are usefully divided into three categories: Fallacies of Relevance, Fallacies of Unacceptable Premises, and Formal Fallacies. Many of these fallacies have Latin names, perhaps because medieval philosophers were particularly interested in informal logic.

What is an example of the fallacy of appeal to ignorance?

Examples. Appeal to ignorance fallacy examples can include abstractions, the physically impossible to prove, and the supernatural. For example, someone says that there’s life in the universe because it hasn’t been proven to not exist outside of our solar system or that UFOs have visited Earth.

What is ad Misericordiam fallacy?

Appeal to Pity (Ad Misericordiam) Description: The argument attempts to persuade by provoking irrelevant feelings of sympathy. Examples: “You should not find the defendant guilty of murder, since it would break his poor mother’s heart to see him sent to jail.”

What is a red herring fallacy?

A red herring is a logical fallacy in which irrelevant information is presented alongside relevant information, distracting attention from that relevant information. This may be done intentionally or unintentionally. A red herring is often used in movies, television and literature.

What is the fallacy of ambiguity?

An unclear or muddled statement that leads the listener or reader to an incorrect conclusion is a fallacy of ambiguity. Equivocation is a common fallacy of ambiguity, where a word or phrase is used with two distinct meanings. In this case, the conclusion is drawn as if there were only one meaning.

What is slippery slope fallacy example?

If you don’t do your homework, you’ll fail the class. If you fail this class, you won’t graduate from school. If you don’t graduate, you won’t get into college. If you don’t attend a good college, you won’t get a good job.

What is an example of post hoc fallacy?

The fallacy lies in a conclusion based solely on the order of events, rather than taking into account other factors potentially responsible for the result that might rule out the connection. A simple example is “the rooster crows immediately before sunrise; therefore the rooster causes the sun to rise.”

What is fallacy of Amphiboly?

The fallacy of amphiboly happens when someone uses grammar or punctuation in a way that a statement could be interpreted as having more than one meaning, so it is unclear what is really meant. Other names for the fallacy are the fallacy of ambiguity, misusing ambiguity, and the fallacy of unclearness.

What is fallacy of presumption?

Fallacies of presumption are arguments that depend on some assumption that is typically unstated and unsupported. Identifying the implicit assumption often exposes the fallacy.

What is an example of a fallacy of Amphiboly?

verbal fallacies

(2) Amphiboly occurs when the grammar of a statement is such that several distinct meanings can obtain (example: “The governor says, ‘Save soap and waste paper. ‘ So soap is more valuable than paper.”).

What is division fallacy?

A fallacy of division is an informal fallacy that occurs when one reasons that something that is true for a whole must also be true of all or some of its parts. An example: The second grade in Jefferson elementary eats a lot of ice cream.

What is an example of a false dichotomy?

The terms “false dilemma” and “false dichotomy” are often used interchangeably. Example: You can either get married or be alone for the rest of your life. False dichotomies are related to false dilemmas because they both prompt listeners to choose between two unrelated options.

Is post hoc a logical fallacy?

Short for “post hoc, ergo propter hoc,” a Latin phrase meaning “after this, therefore because of this.” The phrase expresses the logical fallacy of assuming that one thing caused another merely because the first thing preceded the other.

What is poisoning the well fallacy?

Poisoning the well (or attempting to poison the well) is a type of informal fallacy where adverse information about a target is preemptively presented to an audience, with the intention of discrediting or ridiculing something that the target person is about to say.

What is a non sequitur?

Definition of non sequitur

2 : a statement (such as a response) that does not follow logically from or is not clearly related to anything previously said We were talking about the new restaurant when she threw in some non sequitur about her dog.