What is a slippery slope fallacy?
slippery slope argument, in logic, the fallacy of arguing that a certain course of action is undesirable or that a certain proposition is implausible because it leads to an undesirable or implausible conclusion via a series of tenuously connected premises, each of which is understood to lead, causally or logically, to …
What is the strawman fallacy?
This fallacy occurs when, in attempting to refute another person’s argument, you address only a weak or distorted version of it. Straw person is the misrepresentation of an opponent’s position or a competitor’s product to tout one’s own argument or product as superior.
What is the fallacy of ad hominem?
(Attacking the person): This fallacy occurs when, instead of addressing someone’s argument or position, you irrelevantly attack the person or some aspect of the person who is making the argument.
What is the misrepresentation fallacy?
Description: Substituting a person’s actual position or argument with a distorted, exaggerated, or misrepresented version of the position of the argument.
What is a non sequitur logical fallacy?
In fallacy: Material fallacies. (7) The fallacy of non sequitur (“it does not follow”) occurs when there is not even a deceptively plausible appearance of valid reasoning, because there is an obvious lack of connection between the given premises and the conclusion drawn from them.
What is equivocation fallacy?
The fallacy of equivocation occurs when a key term or phrase in an argument is used in an ambiguous way, with one meaning in one portion of the argument and then another meaning in another portion of the argument.
What is division fallacy?
A fallacy of division is an informal fallacy that occurs when one reasons that something that is true for a whole must also be true of all or some of its parts. An example: The second grade in Jefferson elementary eats a lot of ice cream.
What is the Scarecrow fallacy?
n. 1. An argument or opponent set up so as to be easily refuted or defeated.
What is the straw man fallacy quizlet?
Definition. The Straw Man fallacy is committed when a person simply ignores a person’s actual position and substitutes a exaggerated or misrepresented version of that position.
What is hasty generalization fallacy?
The hasty generalization fallacy is sometimes called the over-generalization fallacy. It is basically making a claim based on evidence that it just too small. Essentially, you can’t make a claim and say that something is true if you have only an example or two as evidence.
What is fallacy of composition and division?
The Fallacy of Composition arises when one infers that something is true of the whole from the fact that it is true of some part of the whole. Conversely, the Fallacy of Division occurs when one infers that something true for the whole must also be true of all or some of its parts.
What is the fallacy of division Phi 103?
A strategy in which the person offering the argument threatens to do physical or psychological harm to their audience id the audience does not accept the conclusion proposed.
What is a Subargument?
Sub-conclusions: Often some of the premises of an argument support as a conclusion a statement serving itself as a premise in the argument for the final conclusion. Such a statement is a sub-conclusion of the argument. Arguments can have any number of premises (even just one) and sub-conclusions.
Which fallacy is sometimes referred to as arguing in a circle?
Red herring. The fallacy sometimes referred to as arguing in a circle is the fallacy of… Begging the question. Slippery slope is a fallacy of… Unacceptable premises.
What fallacy involves a deliberate selection of data to support only one side of an issue?
Some scholars classify cherry-picking as a fallacy of selective attention, the most common example of which is the confirmation bias. Cherry picking can refer to the selection of data or data sets so a study or survey will give desired, predictable results which may be misleading or even completely contrary to reality.
What is dogmatism fallacy?
Dogmatism shuts down discussion by asserting that the writer’s beliefs are the only acceptable ones. Example: I’m sorry, but I think penguins are sea creatures and that’s that.
What is hypothetical fallacy?
Description: Offering a poorly supported claim about what might have happened in the past or future, if (the hypothetical part) circumstances or conditions were different. The fallacy also entails treating future hypothetical situations as if they are fact.