What is the regress problem in epistemology?
In epistemology, the regress argument is the argument that any proposition requires a justification. However, any justification itself requires support. This means that any proposition whatsoever can be endlessly (infinitely) questioned, resulting in infinite regress.
How do I stop infinite regress?
Once the regress has started, there is no way of stopping it since a new entity has to be introduced at each step in order to make the previous step possible. An infinite regress argument is an argument against a theory based on the fact that this theory leads to an infinite regress.
What is wrong with an infinite regress?
The fallacy of Infinite Regress occurs when this habit lulls us into accepting an explanation that turns out to be itterative, that is, the mechanism involved depends upon itself for its own explanation.
Is an infinite regress possible?
For a number of reasons — including perhaps a desire to feel that we have a complete understanding of where we came from, or at least an understanding which is completely sufficient for all of our purposes — there is a strong tendency to suppose that an infinite regress of causes and effects is impossible.
What is infinite regress simple?
Definition of infinite regress
: an endless chain of reasoning leading backward by interpolating a third entity between any two entities — compare third man.
Why is infinite regress a fallacy?
It’s a fallacy because it is begging the question that is to say that it is a circular argument. Whether referring to the origins of the universe or any other regressive context, the answer simply moves the question back into infinite regress rather than answering it.
What does infinite regression mean in philosophy?
An infinite regress is a series of appropriately related elements with a first member but no last member, where each element leads to or generates the next in some sense. An infinite regress argument is an argument that makes appeal to an infinite regress.
What do you understand by epistemology?
Epistemology is the theory of knowledge. It is concerned with the mind’s relation to reality.
Is an infinite regress absurd?
As seen in the example given to us by Aristotle, regress arguments can be constructive; that is, they are used as justifications for belief. For Aristotle, infinite regression presents as something absurd.
What does the author mean by the term infinite regression vicious circle in this passage?
What does the author mean by the terms ‘infinite regress’ or ‘vicious circle’ in this passage? A. Certain matters of fact and certain principles of inference should not stand in need of extraneous evidence.
What is infinite regress example?
For example, the statement “S is true” entails the infinite regress, (1) S is true; (2) (S is true) is true; (3) «S is true) is true) is true, etc. For it is impos- sible for (1) to be true and (2) to be false; it is impossible for (2) to be true and Page 14 216 Claude Gratton (3) to be false, etc.
What is the principle of sufficient reason in philosophy?
The Principle of Sufficient Reason is a powerful and controversial philosophical principle stipulating that everything must have a reason, cause, or ground. This simple demand for thoroughgoing intelligibility yields some of the boldest and most challenging theses in the history of philosophy.