He states; “the beautiful is the opposite of the ugly and the just of the unjust and a thousand of those other things of a kind” (70e) Plato uses this argument of opposites in order to clarify that everything must have an opposite, therefore, there must surely be an opposite to the simple act of living which is death …
What does Plato argue in Phaedo?
The “Imperfection Argument” (Phaedo 74-76)
Plato bases the argument on the imperfection of sensible objects and our ability to make judgments about those sensible objects. (The Forms are supposed to be the perfect objects that the sensibles only imperfectly approximate).
Who is the opposite of Plato?
Aristotle does not make the same metaphysical assumptions. His ontology is quite opposed to Plato’s in that he believes the particular things to be more real whereas Plato believes the universals to be more real.
What was Phaedo Theory?
In his dialogue the Phaedo, Plato expounded a theory of literally innate ideas; humans, for example, have a conception of exact Equality, which, since it could not have been supplied by the senses, must have been acquired by the soul before it was embodied (see also reincarnation).
What is the argument from opposites?
Here Socrates introduces the Argument from Opposites. He puts forth the claim that everything that comes to be, comes to be from its opposite. For instance, for an object to become bigger, it must have been smaller beforehand, and has become bigger out of this smallness.
What is the meaning of Phaedo?
[ fee-doh ] SHOW IPA. / ˈfi doʊ / PHONETIC RESPELLING. noun. a philosophical dialogue (4th century b.c.) by Plato, purporting to describe the death of Socrates, dealing with the immortality of the soul, and setting forth the theory of Ideas.
What is the central theme in the Phaedo dialogue?
One of the main themes in the Phaedo is the idea that the soul is immortal. In the dialogue, Socrates discusses the nature of the afterlife on his last day before being executed by drinking hemlock.
What are the four main arguments for immortality in the Phaedo?
The Phaedo gives us four different arguments for the immortality of the soul: The Argument from Opposites, the Theory of Recollection, the Argument from Affinity, and the final argument, given as a response to Cebes’ objection. Plato does not seem to place equal weight on all four of these arguments.