What does Descartes say about mathematical truths?

Descartes always considered mathematical demonstrations among the most evident truths that human mind can attain, and referred to them as examples of objects which can be intuited clearly and distinctly.

What are Descartes laws of nature?

This early mechanist program posits three fundamental laws: 1. Unless an encounter with other bodies causes a change, each part of matter continues in the same state: size, shape, and position (if at rest), or motion (if in motion).

What was Descartes theory?

Descartes argued the theory of innate knowledge and that all humans were born with knowledge through the higher power of God. It was this theory of innate knowledge that was later combated by philosopher John Locke (1632–1704), an empiricist. Empiricism holds that all knowledge is acquired through experience.

What is Descartes method for determining what he actually knows?

Intuition is a type of intellectual seeing or perception in which the things themselves, not definitions, are directly present before the mind. (Descartes chooses the word “intuition” because in Latin intueor means “to look upon, look closely at, gaze at” and also “to regard, observe, consider, give attention to”.)

How does Descartes argue for God’s existence?

In the Fifth Meditation and elsewhere Descartes says that God’s existence follows from the fact that existence is contained in the “true and immutable essence, nature, or form” of a supremely perfect being, just as it follows from the essence of a triangle that its angles equal two right angles.

Why was mathematics so important for Descartes?

According to the present interpretation, Descartes relies upon mathematical reasoning to explicate the concept of infinity, which is essentially mathematical.

Does Descartes believe in God?

According to Descartes, God’s existence is established by the fact that Descartes has a clear and distinct idea of God; but the truth of Descartes’s clear and distinct ideas are guaranteed by the fact that God exists and is not a deceiver. Thus, in order to show that God exists, Descartes must assume that God exists.

Why does Descartes believe it is possible to doubt the senses?

Abstract. Descartes first invokes the errors of the senses in the Meditations to generate doubt; he suggests that because the senses sometimes deceive, we have reason not to trust them.

Which kind of idea does Descartes think the idea of God is?

But the idea of God is the idea of an infinite substance. Since a finite substance is less real than an infinite substance by virtue of the latter’s absolute independence, it follows that Descartes, a finite substance, cannot be the cause of his idea of an infinite substance.