Which is the best translation of Upanishads?

Go for the translation of Upanishads by Ramkrishna Mission or by Sri Aurobindo Ashram. Upanishads, Breath of the Eternal by Swami Prabhavananda is my favorite English translation. It is a poetic and lyrical translation.

Who translated Upanishads into English?

The first Sanskrit-to-English translation of the Aitareya Upanishad was made by Colebrooke in 1805, and the first English translation of the Kena Upanishad was made by Rammohun Roy in 1816. The first German translation appeared in 1832 and Roer’s English version appeared in 1853.

What is mentioned in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad?

The Brihadaranyaka Upanishad is a treatise on Ātman (Self), includes passages on metaphysics, ethics and a yearning for knowledge that influenced various Indian religions, ancient and medieval scholars, and attracted secondary works such as those by Adi Shankara and Madhvacharya.

Is Lokayata philosophy mentioned in Brihadaranyaka Upanishad?

Brihaspati is considered as the founder of Charvaka School. It is mentioned in Vedas and Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. It is also known as Lokayata Philosophy or the philosophy of the masses. It considers that there no other world after death.

Which upanishad should be read first?

Read Katha Upanishad first. It develops systematically the darsana underlying Hinduism.

How many Upanishads are there?


There are over 200 Upanishads but the traditional number is 108. Of them, only 10 are the principal Upanishads: Isha, Kena, Katha, Prashan, Mundaka, Mandukya, Tattiriya, Aitareya, Chhandogya and Brihadaranyaka.

What are the six Darshanas?

The six principal Hindu darshans are Samkhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaisheshika, Mimamsa, and Vedanta.

Which is the smallest upanishad?

Mandukya Upanishad

The Māṇḍūkya Upaniṣad (Sanskrit: माण्डूक्य उपनिषद्, Māṇḍūkya Upaniṣad) is the shortest of all the Upanishads, and is assigned to Atharvaveda. It is listed as number 6 in the Muktikā canon of 108 Upanishads.

What is Shad Darshan?

Shad Darshan is one such system of philosophy that gives the details of the real world and how there is a distinctive approach towards obtaining the exposition of sacred scripture as well as authoritative knowledge.

Which is the oldest school of philosophy?

Sankhya Philosophy

Sankhya is the oldest of all philosophies put forth by the sage Kapila. It is a dualistic philosophy with Purusha (soul) and Prakriti (nature) in it. Advaita Vedanta derives its base from Sankhya School.

What is the meaning of Mimansa?


Mimamsa, (Sanskrit: “Reflection” or “Critical Investigation”) one of the six systems (darshans) of Indian philosophy. Mimamsa, probably the earliest of the six, is fundamental to Vedanta, another of the six systems, and has deeply influenced the formulation of Hindu law (see Indian law).

Who wrote Uttara Mimamsa?

The Hindu philosophy of Uttar Mimanasa was written in 9th Century AD by Badarayana.

What is the meaning of Vedantic?

Definition of Vedantic

1 : of or relating to the Vedanta philosophy. 2 : vedic.

Who wrote purva Mimamsa?

Rishi Jaimini

The Mimamsa Sutra (Sanskrit: मीमांसा सूत्र, Mīmāṁsā Sūtra) or the Purva Mimamsa Sutras (ca. 300–200 BCE), written by Rishi Jaimini is one of the most important ancient Hindu philosophical texts.

Does Mimamsa believe in God?

As a consequence of the belief in sanctity of the ritual, Mimamsas rejected the notion of God in any form. Later commentators of the Mimamsa sutras such as Prabhākara (c. 7th century CE) advanced arguments against the existence of God.

How many types of Mimamsa are there?

Mimansa logic and how it works. Mimansa divides the entire Veda consisting of Mantra and Brahmana into five types, based on the assumption that the Vedas are self-validating and do not require any external tool for their validation. The five types are Vidhi, Nishedha, Mantra, Namadheya, and Arthavada.