Was there philosophy before Greece?

Written by an Assyriologist, Philosophy before the Greeks will likely interest all students of the ancient Near East with its far-reaching ideas. The book argues that the ancient Babylonians presented “the only well-documented system of philosophy before the Greeks known to us” (p.

Who are the three prominent philosophers of ancient Greek philosophy?

The Socratic philosophers in ancient Greece were Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle. These are some of the most well-known of all Greek philosophers. Socrates (470/469–399 B.C.E.) is remembered for his teaching methods and for asking thought-provoking questions.

Who were the first philosophers in Greece?

Milesians Thales

The Milesians. Thales (c. 624-c. 545 B.C.E.), traditionally considered to be the “first philosopher,” proposed a first principle (arche) of the cosmos: water.

What philosophical ideas came out of ancient Greece?

Philosophers have discussed reality and what is the best and most just form of government in which man would be the best version of himself. The major philosophical ideals to emerge from classical Greece can be defined as examination and analysis of one’s self, their surroundings, the overreaching reality of the world.

What is Babylonian philosophy?

Mesopotamian philosophy

The origins of Babylonian philosophy, in the popular sense of the word, can be traced back to the wisdom of early Mesopotamia, which embodied certain philosophies of life, particularly ethics, in the forms of dialectic, dialogs, epic poetry, folklore, hymns, lyrics, prose, and proverbs.

What influenced Greek philosophy?

Greek philosophy was influenced to some extent by the older wisdom literature and mythological cosmogonies of the ancient Near East, though the extent of this influence is widely debated.

Who is the 5 Greek philosophers?

Though our list highlights 5 key ancient Greek philosophers, a number of key thinkers such as Zeno, Empedocles, Anaximander, Anaxagoras, Eratosthenes and Parmenides also deserve mention for their contributions to modern philosophy.

Who was the first philosopher?


The first philosopher is usually said to have been Thales.

Who came first Plato or Socrates?

All three of these men lived in Athens for most of their lives, and they knew each other. Socrates came first, and Plato was his student, around 400 BC.

What are the 7 philosophers?

Seven thinkers and how they grew: Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz; Locke, Berkeley, Hume; Kant (Chapter 6) – Philosophy in History.

Which ancient philosopher made the greatest contribution to the development of philosophy?

Socrates‘ greatest contribution to philosophy was the Socratic Method in which discussion, argument, and dialogue are used to discern the truth. Eventually, his beliefs and realistic approach in philosophy led to his end, as he was tried and convicted for criticizing religion and corrupting the youth.

Who was the greatest philosopher in ancient Greece?


Socrates is one of the most famous Greek philosophers in history, and his thirst for knowledge changed the course of philosophy forever. Socrates was born in 469 BC and he served in the Peloponnesian War.

What is the oldest philosophy?

From the Vedic scriptures, too, Hinduism (today’s name for Sanatana Dharma) is the oldest.

Who was the greatest philosopher of all time?


Aristotle (384–322 BCE), who follows Socrates and Plato as the third member of the great triumvirate of ancient Greek philosophers, is arguably the most important thinker who ever lived.

Who was Plato taught by?


Plato was a philosopher during the 5th century BCE. He was a student of Socrates and later taught Aristotle.

Who taught Aristotle?


Aristotle’s most famous teacher was Plato (c. 428–c. 348 BCE), who himself had been a student of Socrates (c. 470–399 BCE).

Who taught Socrates?

Along with Diotima, Aspasia was one of the two women philosophers whom Plato recognised as a teacher of Socrates. Her biography is subject to debate, but she is still famous for her knowledge of rhetoric and her skill in debate.