The standard argument against free will is an argument that there exists a conflict between the possibility of free will and the postulates of determinism and indeterminism. A number of authors use this terminology.
What is the strongest argument against free will?
This article is adapted from Mark Balaguer’s book “Free Will,” an MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series title. The older argument against free will is based on the assumption that determinism is true. Determinism is the view that every physical event is completely caused by prior events together with the laws of nature.
What is the main argument of determinism against freedom?
The central question is whether determinism is compatible or consistent with free choices and actions, with holding people responsible for and crediting them with responsibility for actions, and with imposing justified punishments on people and rewarding them.
What idea is opposed to free will?
Hard determinism is the claim that determinism is true, and that it is incompatible with free will, so free will does not exist. Although hard determinism generally refers to nomological determinism (see causal determinism below), it can include all forms of determinism that necessitate the future in its entirety.
What is the debate about free will?
Freewill vs Determinism. The free will vs determinism debate revolves around the extent to which our behavior is the result of forces over which we have no control or whether people are able to decide for themselves whether to act or behave in a certain way.
Should we believe in free will?
Belief in free will allows us to punish people for their immoral behaviors. So, not only is there a value to believing in free will, but those beliefs have profound effects on our thoughts and behaviors. It stands to reason that believing in free will influences how we perceive ourselves.