What is hedonism theory?

The word ‘hedonism’ comes from the ancient Greek for ‘pleasure’. Psychological or motivational hedonism claims that only pleasure or pain motivates us. Ethical or evaluative hedonism claims that only pleasure has worth or value and only pain or displeasure has disvalue or the opposite of worth.

Which school of philosophy believes that ethics is hedonistic?

Cyrenaic school

The Cyrenaics were a hedonist Greek school of philosophy founded in the 4th century BC by Socrates’ student, Aristippus of Cyrene, although many of the principles of the school are believed to have been formalized by his grandson of the same name, Aristippus the Younger.

What is pleasure philosophy?

Hedonism is the philosophy that pleasure is the most important pursuit of mankind, and the only thing that is good for an individual. Hedonists, therefore, strive to maximize their total pleasure (the net of any pleasure less any pain or suffering).

Who founded hedonism?


Aristippus, (born c. 435 bce, Cyrene, Libya—died c. 356, Athens [Greece]), philosopher who was one of Socrates’ disciples and the founder of the Cyrenaic school of hedonism, the ethic of pleasure.

What is normative hedonism?

For example, normative hedonism is the idea that pleasure should be people’s primary motivation. On the other hand, motivational hedonism says that only pleasure and pain cause people to do what they do. Egotistical hedonism requires a person to consider only his or her own pleasure in making choices.

What is teleological utilitarianism and hedonism?

Notes on Hedonism and Utilitarianism. Teleological (or consequentialist) theories of ethics (e.g., egoism, hedonism, utilitarianism) assume that the first task of ethics is to determine that which has value (and thus defines the good) and then to indicate how we are obligated to do what is valuable.

Which philosopher was a hedonist?

Ethical hedonism is the view that our fundamental moral obligation is to maximize pleasure or happiness. Ethical hedonism is most associated with the ancient Greek philosopher Epicurus (342-270 BCE.)

What is Epicurus hedonism?

Epicurus’ ethics is a form of egoistic hedonism; i.e., he says that the only thing that is intrinsically valuable is one’s own pleasure; anything else that has value is valuable merely as a means to securing pleasure for oneself.

Is Socrates a hedonist?

It could indicate (a) that Socrates and Protagoras themselves claim that immediately pleasant things are bad because Page 6 – 5 – they result in greater pains. In this case Socrates is unambiguously declaring that he and Protagoras are hedonists.

How is utilitarianism different from hedonism?

Hedonism is a value theory. It just says that all value = happiness of some kind. Utilitarianism is a system of ethics. Regular utilitarianism has a hedonistic value theory, but says you have to increase total happiness (or something like it), not just your own.

What is utilitarian philosophy?

What Is Utilitarianism? Utilitarianism is a theory of morality that advocates actions that foster happiness or pleasure and oppose actions that cause unhappiness or harm. When directed toward making social, economic, or political decisions, a utilitarian philosophy would aim for the betterment of society as a whole.

What is eudaimonia philosophy?

The closest English word for the Ancient Greek term eudaimonia is probably “flourishing”. The philosopher Aristotle used it as a broad concept to describe the highest good humans could strive toward – or a life ‘well lived’.

What is Ergon philosophy?

Ergon, concept from Aristotle’s Nicomachean Ethics that is most often translated as function, task, or work.

What is hedonic and eudaimonic?

“Hedonic pleasure” and “hedonic relaxation” orientations refer to striving to feel enjoyment and comfort, respectively. “Eudaimonic” orientation refers to striving to do what is meaningful, even if difficult to achieve.

What is Aristotle’s concept of eudaimonia?

For Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).

What is Phronesis Aristotle?

In Aristotle’s words phronesis is a ”true state, reasoned, and capable of action with regard to. things that are good or bad for man.” Phronesis goes beyond both analytical, scientific knowledge. (episteme) and technical knowledge or know-how (techne) and involves judgments and decisions.

What is aretē according to Aristotle?

, as part of his discussion of the ethical aspects of oratory, Aristotle states that arete is “a capacity (dynamis) of providing and preserving good things, and a capacity of conferring many great benefits (euergetikê)” (Rh.