What is the self in the self in Western and Eastern thoughts?

The views in Western and Eastern philosophy are diametrically opposite. In the West, there exists a multitude of definitions of the “self”, whereas in the East the predominant view is that the self is rather an illusion.

How is the practice of Western philosophy described?

Western philosophy encompasses the philosophical thought and work of the Western world. Historically, the term refers to the philosophical thinking of Western culture, beginning with the ancient Greek philosophy of the pre-Socratics.

What is the foundation of Western philosophy?

Very broadly speaking, according to some commentators, Western society strives to find and prove “the truth”, while Eastern society accepts the truth as given and is more interested in finding the balance. Westerners put more stock in individual rights; Easterners in social responsibility.

What is the cornerstone of Western philosophy?

Plato’s Republic is often referred to as the cornerstone of all Western philosophy. It is in the form of a dialogue. The use of dialogue was a common device for framing philosophical arguments and Plato’s use of the dialogue is considered a classic in structure and clarity.

What is the Western concept of the self?

The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that “you are the same person you were earlier in your life.

What is Western perspective of self?

In the West, there is a dualistic conception of the self where there is a clear distinction between creator and created, and Man and the self is viewed as an artifact of creation.

Why is Western philosophy important?

Many Western philosophers are responsible for the intellectual development of mathematics, science, politics and even art. Western philosophers attempt to understand and examine a wide spectrum of issues, such as the universe, human social responsibilities, consciousness or even religion.

What is the difference between the Western and Eastern philosophy?

Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related to Collectivism. Both philosophies center on virtues. Eastern philosophy takes more of a spiritual approach while Western philosophy is more hands-on.

What is knowledge according to Western philosophy?

The philosophical study of knowledge is called epistemology. The term “knowledge” can refer to a theoretical or practical understanding of a subject. It can be implicit (as with practical skill or expertise) or explicit (as with the theoretical understanding of a subject); formal or informal; systematic or particular.

What is the most significant contribution of Western philosophy?

1. Socratic Technique. Socrates’ most important contribution to Western philosophy was his technique for arguing a point, known as the Socratic technique, which he applied to many things such as truth and justice.

What is the most significant development in Western philosophy?

Enlightenment. The most influential Enlightenment philosopher (upon the field of philosophy in general) was Immanuel Kant, who effected a revolution in Western philosophy by arguing that our perception of the physical world is shaped by our minds.

What is the primary source of knowledge in Western philosophy?

In “The Sources of Knowledge,” Robert Audi distinguishes what he calls the “four standard basic sources” by which we acquire knowledge or justified belief: perception, memory, consciousness, and reason. With the exception of memory, he distinguishes each of the above as a basic source of knowledge.

What is modern Western philosophy?

Modern philosophy is philosophy developed in the modern era and associated with modernity. It is not a specific doctrine or school (and thus should not be confused with Modernism), although there are certain assumptions common to much of it, which helps to distinguish it from earlier philosophy.

What is contemporary Western philosophy?

Contemporary philosophy is the present period in the history of Western philosophy beginning at the early 20th century with the increasing professionalization of the discipline and the rise of analytic and continental philosophy.

What are the main branches of Western philosophy?

The main branches of Philosophy are Logic, Epistemology, Ontology and Ethics.

Where is the Western philosophical tradition originated?

Asia Minor

Philosophy in the West begins in the Ionian Greek colonies of Asia Minor with Thales of Miletus (l. c. 585 BCE) who inspired the later writers known as the Pre-Socratic philosophers whose ideas would then inform and influence the iconic works of Plato (l.

Who Was the First Great Western philosophy?

Socrates of Athens (l. c. 470/469-399 BCE) is among the most famous figures in world history for his contributions to the development of ancient Greek philosophy which provided the foundation for all of Western Philosophy. He is, in fact, known as the “Father of Western Philosophy” for this reason.

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