What does philosophy say about friendship?

According to Aristotle, for a person to be friends with another “it is necessary that [they] bear goodwill to each other and wish good things for each other, without this escaping their notice.” A person may bear goodwill to another for one of three reasons, that he is good (that is, rational and virtuous), that he is …

What is Aristotle’s theory of friendship?

Aristotle considers philia (friendship) as an essential component of ‘the good life’: in friendship, friends love “the lovable, and this is good, pleasant, or useful” [NE VIII. 2: 1155b, 19]. 1. Friends are defined as people who “must be mutually recognized as bearing goodwill and wishing well to each other” [NE VIII.

Which philosopher thought it was important to define friendship?

Philosopher Aristotle identified three types of friendships: Ones based on utility or pleasure, and one on mutual appreciation of each other’s values.

How does Kant view friendship?

Friendship for Kant satisfies our deepest need as human beings: to share with others our thoughts and feelings, rather than being “completely alone with his thoughts, as in a prison.” Friendship is therefore “the human being’s refuge in this world from the distrust of his fellows, in which one can reveal his …

What are the theories of friendship?

Specifically, the theories identified by Perlman and Fehr (1986) as important in understanding friendship will be discussed: reinforcement, exchange and equity, cognitive consistency, and developmental. It should be noted at the outset that each of these is an umbrella term subsuming a number of specific theories.

Do you agree with how Aristotle defines a perfect friendship?

Aristotle says that perfect friendship is “made up of men who are good and alike in virtue; for each alike wishes well to each other… they are good in themselves” (1156b 7–9). The closest example I can think of would be the friendship that I have with my mom.

Why is friendship important to us according to Kant?

Kant presented his philosophy of friendship against the background of the conflict between self-love as part of our human nature, and love for others where we promote others’ wellbeing.

Why is the good will good without qualification?

Kant says that a good will is good without qualification . This means that a good will is always good, and does not require anything else to be good. Indeed, we cannot imagine a situation, according to Kant, in which we would disapprove of a good will.

What is Kant’s theory?

Kant’s moral theory is often referred to as the “respect for persons” theory of morality. Kant calls his fundamental moral principle the Categorical Imperative. An imperative is just a command. The notion of a categorical imperative can be understood in contrast to that of a hypothetical imperative.

What is the difference between pathological love and practical love?

Pathological love is the only love that cannot be commanded or obligatory, while practical love is not a feeling, and it can be commanded.