What is the Underdetermination theory?
Underdetermination is a thesis explaining that for any scientifically based theory there will always be at least one rival theory that is also supported by the evidence given, and that that theory can also be logically maintained in the face of any new evidence.
What is the instrumentalist theory?
John A. Armstrong Instrumentalist Theories of Nationalism In philosophy instrumentalism is the doctrine that scientific theories are not true descriptions of an unobservable reality but simply useful instruments which enable us to structure and interpret the ob- servable world.
What is empiricism science?
In science, empiricism heavily emphasizes the use of experiments to collect evidence so that theories are applied to real world observations and recorded as empirical data. Empiricism is an important concept in IT as well.
What are the 3 types of epistemology?
There are three main examples or conditions of epistemology: truth, belief and justification.
What is a falsifiable theory?
Falsifiability is the capacity for some proposition, statement, theory or hypothesis to be proven wrong. That capacity is an essential component of the scientific method and hypothesis testing. In a scientific context, falsifiability is sometimes considered synonymous with testability.
What is the subject of ontology?
Ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies concepts such as existence, being, becoming, and reality. It includes the questions of how entities are grouped into basic categories and which of these entities exist on the most fundamental level.
What is ontology and epistemology?
Epistemology is the branch of philosophy that studies knowledge or knowing.It is the knowledge to examine reality. Ontology is the branch of philosophy that studies the nature of human beings existence as individual, in society and in the universe.
What is empiricism and rationalism?
Rationalism: Rationalism is a theory based on the claim that reason is the source of knowledge. Empiricism: Empiricism is a theory based on the claim that experience is the source of knowledge.
What is empirical epistemology?
1. The acquisition or assessment of knowledge base on practical or observable first-hand experience rather than theoretical explanation.
What is pragmatism in research?
Pragmatism involves research designs that incorporate operational decisions based on ‘what will work best’ in finding answers for the questions under investigation and this enables pragmatic researchers to conduct research in innovative and dynamic ways to find solutions to research problems.
What is Objectivism in research?
Objectivism: on the basis of the separation of the subject and object of knowledge, the purely theoretical attitude of the uninvolved observer is adopted so that the focus is exclusively on the object, typically accompanied by the claim that there is no such thing as the subject or substantial self. associated issues.
What is ontology and deontology?
Ontology is the study of being. Deontology is the study of duty and it is most often associated with certain theories of ethics.
What is the meaning of Kantianism?
Kantianism is defined as a branch of philosophy that follows the works of Immanuel Kant who believed that rational beings have dignity and should be respected. A philosophy of rational morality including God and freedom, based on the works of Kant, is an example of Kantianism.
What is the difference between ontology and teleology?
Ontological arguments rest on the concept of God as proof of existence, cosmological arguments are based on assertions of the first mover and a cause to prove God exists, and teleological arguments provide proof that God exists on the observation that natural things act for an end or purpose.
What is consequentialism and deontology?
Deontology is an ethical theory that states it is possible to determine the rightness or wrongness of actions by examining actions themselves, without focusing on their consequences whereas consequentialism is an ethical theory that states it is possible to determine the rightness or wrongness of actions by examining …
Is teleology the same as consequentialism?
You will remember that teleological theories focus on the goal of the ethical action. Consequentialist theories are those that base moral judgements on the outcomes of a decision or an action.
What is utilitarianism theory?
Utilitarianism is an ethical theory that determines right from wrong by focusing on outcomes. It is a form of consequentialism. Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number.