(Attacking the person): This fallacy occurs when, instead of addressing someone’s argument or position, you irrelevantly attack the person or some aspect of the person who is making the argument.

What is the strawman fallacy?

This fallacy occurs when, in attempting to refute another person’s argument, you address only a weak or distorted version of it. Straw person is the misrepresentation of an opponent’s position or a competitor’s product to tout one’s own argument or product as superior.

What is an example of an ad hominem fallacy?

A classic example of ad hominem fallacy is given below: A: “All murderers are criminals, but a thief isn’t a murderer, and so can’t be a criminal.” B: “Well, you’re a thief and a criminal, so there goes your argument.”

What is the ad Populum fallacy?

In argumentation theory, an argumentum ad populum is a fallacious argument which is based on affirming that something is real because the majority thinks so.

What is an example of ad Populum?

For example, “You need to pass me in this course, since I’ll lose my scholarship if you don’t.” ​Argumentum Ad Populum (Argument To The People):​ going along with the crowd in support of a conclusion.

What is an Amphiboly fallacy?

The fallacy of amphiboly happens when someone uses grammar or punctuation in a way that a statement could be interpreted as having more than one meaning, so it is unclear what is really meant. Other names for the fallacy are the fallacy of ambiguity, misusing ambiguity, and the fallacy of unclearness.

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