Thus, Plato has Socrates contradict himself in order to expose the incorrect nature of Glaucon’s argument and how close he was to the truth.

What is Plato saying in The Republic?

Preview — The Republic by Plato. “The heaviest penalty for declining to rule is to be ruled by someone inferior to yourself.” “I am the wisest man alive, for I know one thing, and that is that I know nothing.” “If women are expected to do the same work as men, we must teach them the same things.”

Where does Socrates contradict himself?

Does Socrates contradict himself? In the Apology, Socrates says that even if they were to let him, they would legally bind him to not practicing philosophy anymore. He goes on to say that he would practice anyway, no matter what they told him.

Does Plato agree with Socrates in The Republic?

As in most other Platonic dialogues the main character is Socrates. It is generally accepted that the Republic belongs to the dialogues of Plato’s middle period. In Plato’s early dialogues, Socrates refutes the accounts of his interlocutors and the discussion ends with no satisfactory answer to the matter investigated.

Why is The Republic by Plato important?

Today, Plato’s The Republic is an important part of the western literary canon. The text is still used in classrooms today because Plato asks the ultimate questions about justice and happiness, and the answers to those questions are ever-evolving. His text is also vital for learning to question what is in fact known.

What were Plato’s beliefs?

Plato believes that conflicting interests of different parts of society can be harmonized. The best, rational and righteous, political order, which he proposes, leads to a harmonious unity of society and allows each of its parts to flourish, but not at the expense of others.

What is the greatest challenge for a human person according to Plato’s ethics?

Plato’s ethical thought is, then, structured by a broad eudaimonist assumption. His main concern is to challenge the views most people have about goodness, for it is here that they go disastrously wrong in trying to live happy lives.

What is Plato’s view on morality?

Like most other ancient philosophers, Plato maintains a virtue-based eudaemonistic conception of ethics. That is to say, happiness or well-being (eudaimonia) is the highest aim of moral thought and conduct, and the virtues (aretê: ‘excellence’) are the requisite skills and dispositions needed to attain it.

How does Plato argue that the moral person is better off than the immoral person?

Socrates and Plato: the good consequences of being moral are not what make actions good; rather, actions have good consequences because they are good in themselves (and ought to be done for that reason alone). Immorality is due to ignorance of the good.

Did Plato believe ethics could be taught?

For Plato, ethics comes down to two basic things: eudaimonia and arete. Eudaimonia, or “well being,” is the virtue that Plato teaches we must all aim toward. The ideal person is the person who possesses eudaimonia, and the field of ethics is mostly just a description of what such an ideal person would truly be like.

How did Plato view justice?

Plato says that justice is not mere strength, but it is a harmonious strength. Justice is not the right of the stronger but the effective harmony of the whole. All moral conceptions revolve about the good of the whole-individual as well as social.

What Plato thinks about God?

To Plato, God is transcendent-the highest and most perfect being-and one who uses eternal forms, or archetypes, to fashion a universe that is eternal and uncreated. The order and purpose he gives the universe is limited by the imperfections inherent in material.

What were Plato’s main ideas about government?

In contrast to historical aristocracies, Plato’s resembles a meritocracy or proto-technocracy of sorts. In it, a big government state keeps track of the innate character and natural skills of the citizens’ children, directing them to the education that best suits those traits.

Why Plato was disagree with democracy?

Plato attacked Athenian democracies for mistaking anarchy for freedom. The lack of coherent unity in Athenian democracy made Plato conclude that such democracies were a mere collection of individuals occupying a common space rather than a form of political organization.

What is Plato’s criticism of democracy?

Critique of democracy

He claims that democracy is a danger due to excessive freedom. He also argues that in a system in which everyone has a right to rule all sorts of selfish people who care nothing for the people but are only motivated by their own personal desires are able to attain power.

What are the grounds of disagreement between Plato and Aristotle?

Differences in Contributions

Plato believed that concepts had a universal form, an ideal form, which leads to his idealistic philosophy. Aristotle believed that universal forms were not necessarily attached to each object or concept, and that each instance of an object or a concept had to be analyzed on its own.

What is the main difference between Plato and Aristotle?

The main difference between Plato and Aristotle philosophy is that the philosophy of Plato is more theoretical and abstract in nature, whereas the philosophy of Aristotle is more practical and experimental in nature.

Why does Aristotle rejected Plato’s theory of forms?

Aristotle rejected Plato’s theory of Forms but not the notion of form itself. For Aristotle, forms do not exist independently of things—every form is the form of some thing.