Is the absence of pain good?
The presence of pain is bad. The presence of pleasure is good. The absence of pain is good, even if that good is not enjoyed by anyone.
Asymmetry between pain and pleasure.
|Scenario A (X exists)||Scenario B (X never exists)|
|(2) Presence of pleasure (Good)||(4) Absence of pleasure (Not bad)|
Why coming into existence is always a harm Benatar?
Contemporary philosopher David Benatar has advanced the self-evidently controversial claim that “coming into existence is always a harm.” Benatar’s argument turns on the basic asymmetry between pleasure and pain, an asymmetry he seeks to explain by the principle that those who never exist cannot be deprived.
What is Benatar’s thesis?
On the basis of the asserted asymmetry between benefit and harm, Benatar advances his remarkably strong thesis: ”The harm of any pain [or any other harm] cannot be compensated for by even great amounts of pleasure [or any other benefit]—due to the asymmetry” (p. 48).
Is it better to never exist?
Simply put, non existence means no suffering and no deprivation. Therefore, never existing is better than existing, considering all the suffering that humans must endure.
Is procreation morally wrong?
It is morally wrong to take unjust actions (whether it inflicts harm or not). If it is unjust to condemn an innocent person to death, then it is unjust to procreate. Thus, if it is morally wrong to condemn an innocent person to death, then it is morally wrong to procreate.
Is it better never to have been born?
In Better Never to Have Been: The Harm of Coming into Existence, Benatar quotes the Greek tragedian Sophocles (“Never to have been born is best / But if we must see the light, the next best / Is quickly returning whence we came”) and the text of Ecclesiastes (“So I have praised the dead that are already dead more than …
How did existentialism begin?
Existentialism in its currently recognizable form was developed by the 19th Century Danish philosopher Søren Kierkegaard and the German philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, although neither actually used the term in their work.
What is wrong with existentialism?
The key problems for existentialism are those of the individual himself, of his situation in the world, and of his more ultimate significance.
Do existentialists believe in God?
Existentialism can be atheistic, theological (or theistic) or agnostic. Some Existentialists, like Nietzsche, proclaimed that “God is dead” and that the concept of God is obsolete. Others, like Kierkegaard, were intensely religious, even if they did not feel able to justify it.
What’s the opposite of existentialism?
So Existentialism is the opposite of nihilism: the nihilist says “There is no god, no heaven or hell, so screw it: there can be no right or wrong.
What’s wrong with nihilism?
Nihilism matters because meaning matters, and the best-known alternative ways of relating to meaning are also wrong. Fear of nihilism is a main reason people commit to other stances, such as eternalism and existentialism, that are also harmful and mistaken.
Is Nietzsche a nihilist or existentialist?
Among philosophers, Friedrich Nietzsche is most often associated with nihilism. For Nietzsche, there is no objective order or structure in the world except what we give it. Penetrating the façades buttressing convictions, the nihilist discovers that all values are baseless and that reason is impotent.
Do nihilists have morals?
Nihilism comes from the Latin word “nihil” — which means, nothing. Nihilists assert that there are no moral values, principles, truths.
Do nihilists have empathy?
Nihilists can have sympathy, empathy, and antipathy, but they cannot have apathy. Not caring is not the same thing as caring about nothing.
Is there a positive nihilism?
The optimistic nihilist looks at a world lacking meaning and purpose and sees the opportunity to create their own. Optimistic nihilism can be an incredibly empowering belief. In embracing it, you have the power to change your experience from a negative one to a positive one.