Aristotle’s Poetics (Greek: Περὶ ποιητικῆς Peri poietikês; Latin: De Poetica; c. 335 BC) is the earliest surviving work of dramatic theory and first extant philosophical treatise to focus on literary theory.

What is the main purpose of Aristotle’s Poetics?

Aristotle’s Poetics seeks to address the different kinds of poetry, the structure of a good poem, and the division of a poem into its component parts. He defines poetry as a ‘medium of imitation’ that seeks to represent or duplicate life through character, emotion, or action.

When did Aristotle write Poetics?

330 BCE

Like many important documents in the history of philosophy and literary theory, Aristotle’s Poetics, composed around 330 BCE, was most likely preserved in the form of students’ lecture notes.

What is the summary of Aristotle Poetics?

Aristotle proposes to approach poetry from a scientific viewpoint, examining the constituent parts of poetry and drawing conclusions from those observations. First, he lists the different kinds of poetry: epic poetry, tragedy, comedy, dithyrambic poetry, and most flute-playing and lyre-playing.

Who was the first literary critic who said that art is twice removed from reality?

According to Plato’s theory of mimesis (imitation) the arts deal with illusion and they are imitation of an imitation. Thus, they are twice removed from reality.

Who was first literary critic?

Matthew Arnold as a Literary Critic. Introduction: Matthew Arnold (1822-1888), the Victorian poet and critic, was ‘the first modern critic’ [1], and could be called ‘the critic’s critic’, being a champion not only of great poetry, but of literary criticism itself.

Who is called the first romantic critic?

Longinus as a Romantic Critic. Longinus is termed differently by different critics; he is called as the first romantic critic by Saintsbury, while Atkins finds “a balance between romantic temper, classical and technical excellence of art”, in Longinus.

Which among the following is a critical work by Aristotle?

The Poetics is primarily concerned with drama, and the analysis of tragedy constitutes the core of the discussion.

What is the contribution of Aristotle’s Poetics to literary criticism?

Aristotle’s main contribution to criticism may well be the idea that poetry is after all an art with an object of its own, that it can be rationally understood and reduced to an intelligible set of rules (that is, it is an “art,” according to the definition in the Ethics).

What is the first and foremost function of a literary critic?

While discussing literary criticism, it is interesting to know the qualities of a critic in brief, to begin with, first and foremost,a critic must have a sound commonsense and clear thinking in order to judge or evaluate the works of literature in an efficient way.

What is Aristotle best known for?

Aristotle was one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived and the first genuine scientist in history. He made pioneering contributions to all fields of philosophy and science, he invented the field of formal logic, and he identified the various scientific disciplines and explored their relationships to each other.

What is Aristotle considered the father of?

Aristotle has been called “the father of logic”, “the father of biology”, “the father of political science”, “the father of zoology”, “the father of embryology”, “the father of natural law”, “the father of scientific method”, “the father of rhetoric”, “the father of psychology”, “the father of realism”, “the father of …

What are Aristotle’s first principles?

A long time ago, approximately 350 BC, the Greek philosopher Aristotle defined a first principle as “the first basis from which a thing is known.” Typically, uncovering first principles requires time and effort to dig deeper beyond our initial assumptions until the foundational truths are uncovered.