What is infinite regress example?

Examples: “The world is supported by four elephants standing on the back of a giant turtle, which is standing on the back of another giant turtle, which is standing on the back of another giant turtle…” Eggs exist because they are laid by chickens; and, of course, chickens are hatched from eggs.”

What was infinite regress theory?

An infinite regress is an infinite series of entities governed by a recursive principle that determines how each entity in the series depends on or is produced by its predecessor. In the epistemic regress, for example, a belief is justified because it is based on another belief that is justified.

Is an infinite regress possible?

For a number of reasons — including perhaps a desire to feel that we have a complete understanding of where we came from, or at least an understanding which is completely sufficient for all of our purposes — there is a strong tendency to suppose that an infinite regress of causes and effects is impossible.

Why is infinite regress absurd?

Suppose that every finite and contingent being has a cause, and that every cause is a finite and contingent being. This yields a regress that is absurd. Hence: it is not the case that every cause is a finite and contingent being. There must be a first cause which is not finite or contingent, namely God.

Is infinite regress a logical fallacy?

It’s a fallacy because it is begging the question that is to say that it is a circular argument. Whether referring to the origins of the universe or any other regressive context, the answer simply moves the question back into infinite regress rather than answering it.

What does the author mean by the term infinite regression vicious circle in this passage?

What does the author mean by the terms ‘infinite regress’ or ‘vicious circle’ in this passage? A. Certain matters of fact and certain principles of inference should not stand in need of extraneous evidence.

What is the epistemic regress problem?

The epistemic regress problem is commonly posed as an argument for skepticism: to know any proposition P we must know a proposition Q that provides evidence for P, but this requires an endless regress of known propositions—a circle or an infinite regress—so, since we cannot acquire knowledge by means of such regresses, …

What is the infinite regress problem?

An infinite regress is a series of appropriately related elements with a first member but no last member, where each element leads to or generates the next in some sense. An infinite regress argument is an argument that makes appeal to an infinite regress.

What is infinite regress in the cosmological argument?

An infinite regress is an infinite series of entities governed by a recursive principle that determines how each entity in the series depends on or is produced by its predecessor. An infinite regress argument is an argument against a theory based on the fact that this theory leads to an infinite regress.

What is the difference between Foundationalism and Coherentism?

Foundationalism claims that our empirical beliefs are rationally constrained by our non‐verbal experience. Non‐verbal experience is caused by events in the world. Coherentism suggests that empirical beliefs are rationally constrained only by other, further empirical beliefs.

What is the difference between Internalism and Externalism?

Internalism is the thesis that no fact about the world can provide reasons for action independently of desires and beliefs. Externalism is the thesis that reasons are to be identified with objective features of the world.

What is the coherentism theory?

According to the coherence theory of justification, also known as coherentism, a belief or set of beliefs is justified, or justifiably held, just in case the belief coheres with a set of beliefs, the set forms a coherent system or some variation on these themes.

What is a Contextualist approach?

Contextualism, also known as epistemic contextualism, is a family of views in philosophy which emphasize the context in which an action, utterance, or expression occurs.

What is the difference between literalist and contextualist?

Literalist interpretations can look foolish when challenged by modern secular/scientific sensibilities, and can thus lead to a loss of faith. Potential contextualist strengths: For contextualists, the idea that God allows human beings to wrestle with uncertainty seems consistent with what we know about the world…

What is Invariantism?

Abstract. Epistemic invariantism, or invariantism for short, is the position that the proposition expressed by knowledge sentences does not vary with the epistemic standard of the context in which these sentences can be used.

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