What does Hume say about mathematics?
Here Hume claims that the necessity and certainty that is typical to mathematics cannot be extended to concern causal relations between real objects. The proper objects of mathematical propositions are quantity, number, and figure.
What is Hume’s theory of ideas?
Hume said that the production of thoughts in the mind is guided by three principles: resemblance, contiguity, and cause and effect. Thus, people who think of one idea are likely to think of another idea that resembles it; their thought is likely to run from red to pink to white or from dog to wolf to coyote.
What for Hume is the criterion for deciding between meaningful and meaningless terms?
The empirical criterion of meaning holds that a meaningful idea can be traced to sense experience (impressions). Beliefs that cannot be reduced to sense experience are technically not “ideas” at all: They are meaningless utterances.
What are the two classes or species into which all the perceptions of the mind can be divided?
Here therefore we may divide all the perceptions of the mind into two classes or species, which are distinguished by their different degrees of force and vivacity. The less forcible and lively are commonly denominated Thoughts or Ideas.
In which category does Hume place the truths of arithmetic and geometry?
relations of ideas
David Hume, an empiricist, separated knowledge into categories – “matters of fact” and “relations of ideas”. Hume argues that every affirmation which is certain, such as geometry, arithmetic and algebra, fall under “relations of ideas“.
What did David Hume believe about ideas quizlet?
Hume believes that all meaningful ideas come from what? All meaningful ideas come from sense impressions. 1. Nearly impossible to come up with an idea that isn’t from sense impressions.
What according to Hume is the origin of our ideas how are they different from impressions?
Hume draws a distinction between impressions and thoughts or ideas (for the sake of consistency, we will refer only to “ideas” from here on). Impressions are lively and vivid perceptions, while ideas are drawn from memory or the imagination and are thus less lively and vivid.
Which of the following best describe Hume’s statements of relations of ideas or analytic statements?
Which of the following best describe Hume’s statements of “relations of ideas” or analytic statements? They are always true by definition because the subject is the same as the predicate.
What examples does Hume give of matters of fact?
Some example of matters of fact / synthetic truths: ‘The earth revolves around the sun. ‘ ‘Either it is raining or it is snowing.
How does Hume explain the origin of our ideas quizlet?
Hume says that everything originates from impressions. We can reflect on our own mind’s operations and how intelligent and good we are, then think of the concepts of less and more. Combine those two to make the impression and origin of God: something completely intelligent and good.
How does Hume explain the origin of our ideas?
Hume goes on to explain that there are several mental faculties that are responsible for producing our various ideas. He initially divides ideas between those produced by the memory, and those produced by the imagination. The memory is a faculty that conjures up ideas based on experiences as they happened.
What does Hume think explains why we draw the connection between a cause and its effect?
Hume argues that we cannot conceive of any other connection between cause and effect, because there simply is no other impression to which our idea may be traced. This certitude is all that remains. For Hume, the necessary connection invoked by causation is nothing more than this certainty.
What does Hume think explains why we draw the connection between a cause and its effect quizlet?
Hume states, all reasonings concerning matters of fact seem to be founded on the relation of cause and effect. It is only via the relation of cause and effect that we can go beyond our memory and senses.
What is Hume’s argument for the conclusion that causes and effects are discoverable not by reason but by experience?
Hume also explains that causes and effects may be discoverable by experience, but that they may not be discoverable by reason alone. Every effect is distinct from its cause, and every cause is distinct from its effect. Therefore, an effect cannot be discovered in a causal object or event merely by a priori reasoning.