What are the 2 types of reduction in phenomenology?
The phenomenological reduction is the technique whereby this stripping away occurs; and the technique itself has two moments: the first Husserl names epoché, using the Greek term for abstention, and the second is referred to as the reduction proper, an inquiring back into consciousness.
What are the 4 various types of experiences in phenomenology?
Basically, phenomenology studies the structure of various types of experience ranging from perception, thought, memory, imagination, emotion, desire, and volition to bodily awareness, embodied action, and social activity, including linguistic activity.
What are the three types of phenomenology?
This research limits itself by focusing on three main approaches in phenomenology: Husserl’s transcendental phenomenology; Heidegger’s hermeneutical phenomenology; and Merleau-Ponty’s idea of perception.
What is Epoche in phenomenology?
Epoché (ἐποχή epokhē, “cessation”) is an ancient Greek term. In Hellenistic philosophy it is a technical term typically translated as “suspension of judgment” but also as “withholding of assent”. In the modern philosophy of Phenomenology it refers to a process of setting aside assumptions and beliefs.
What is transcendental reduction?
Abstract. The transcendental phenomenological reduction is described as the transition from thinking to reflection, Which involves a change of attitude. Schmitt elaborates what it means to “bracket the objective world” and to suspend judgement.
What is transcendental reduction Husserl?
The transcendental-phenomenological reduction is called. “transcendental” because it uncovers the ego for which everything has. meaning and existence. It is called “phenomenological” because it trans- forms the world into mere phenomenon.
What does bracketing mean in phenomenology?
Bracketing (German: Einklammerung; also called phenomenological reduction, transcendental reduction or phenomenological epoché) is the preliminary step in the philosophical movement of phenomenology describing an act of suspending judgment about the natural world to instead focus on analysis of experience.
What is bracketing in qualitative research?
Bracketing is a method used in qualitative research to mitigate the potentially deleterious effects of preconceptions that may taint the research process. However, the processes through which bracketing takes place are poorly understood, in part as a result of a shift away from its phenomenological origins.
What is phenological research?
Phenomenological research is a qualitative research approach that seeks to understand and describe the universal essence of a phenomenon. The approach investigates the everyday experiences of human beings while suspending the researchers’ preconceived assumptions about the phenomenon.
What is bracketing and epoché?
Epoche therefore is a habit of thinking which continues throughout the pre-empirical and post-empirical phases of the study. Bracketing is an event, the moment of an interpretative fusion and the emergence of the conclusion.
What is Horizontalization in phenomenology?
Horizontalization: Is part of the phenomenological reduction process, whereby the researcher gives equal value to all of the participants` statements. The researcher will remove all repetitive statements as well as those that do not relate to the research questions.
Is reflexivity the same as bracketing?
Bracketing and reflexivity are fruit from the same tree. One must be reflexive in order to bracket, and both activities require time to reflect, an environment of sup- port, and reflective skill (Paterson & Groening, 1996). It is up to researchers to make commitments to developing these resources.
What is reflexivity in qualitative research?
Reflexivity is about acknowledging your role in the research. As a qualitative researcher, you are part of the research process, and your prior experiences, assumptions and beliefs will influence the research process.