What does it mean to discredit an argument?
Typically this term refers to a rhetorical strategy where the speaker attacks the character, motive, or some other attribute of the person making an argument rather than attacking the substance of the argument itself.
What is an example of a faulty argument?
“Smoking pot is against the law because it’s wrong; I know it’s wrong because it is against the law.” “Smoking pot is against the law; this leads many to believe it is wrong.”
What is a faulty argument?
A fallacy is the use of invalid or otherwise faulty reasoning, or “wrong moves”, in the construction of an argument, which may appear stronger than it really is if the fallacy is not spotted.
What is a valid argument how about a faulty argument?
An argument that is not valid is invalid or fallacious. If an argument is valid and its premises are true, the argument is sound. If an argument is not sound it is unsound. An argument can be valid even if its premises are false—but such an argument is unsound.
What is to discredit someone?
1 : to refuse to accept as true or accurate : disbelieve discredit a rumor. 2 : to cause disbelief in the accuracy or authority of trying to discredit the claims of a rival a discredited theory. 3 : to deprive of good repute : disgrace personal attacks meant to discredit his opponent.
How do you use Discredit in a sentence?
Discredit in a Sentence 🔉
- The way Leonard responded to the customer was a discredit to the company’s service policy.
- During the divorce, he did some pretty terrible things to bring discredit upon his wife.
- The gross misconduct by one employee brought discredit on the whole company.
How do you evaluate the validity of an argument?
In short, a deductive argument must be evaluated in two ways. First, one must ask if the premises provide support for the conclusion by examing the form of the argument. If they do, then the argument is valid. Then, one must ask whether the premises are true or false in actuality.
How do you make an argument valid?
Valid: an argument is valid if and only if it is necessary that if all of the premises are true, then the conclusion is true; if all the premises are true, then the conclusion must be true; it is impossible that all the premises are true and the conclusion is false.
How do you analyze an argument example?
To analyze an author’s argument, take it one step at a time:
- Briefly note the main assertion (what does the writer want me to believe or do?)
- Make a note of the first reason the author makes to support his/her conclusion.
- Write down every other reason.
- Underline the most important reason.
How do you criticize an argument?
Critique an argument
- Look at the assumptions or things which are taken for granted in the argument – identify those which are weak and discuss and disagree.
- Support your case – evidence and back up your point of view. …
- Prove that the argument presented contradicts known facts- find evidence to prove this.
What is the first step to take when evaluating the credibility of an argument?
Terms in this set (5)
- Check the qualifications and reputation of the author.
- Determine the circumstances in which the author prepared as the Source.
- Identify the perspective or bias of the author.
- Examine the accuracy and internal consistency.
- Check for agreement with other credible sources.
Why do we need to evaluate an argument?
One evaluates arguments by assessing their quality, i.e., how good they are as arguments. They might be eloquent as speeches or spine tingling as theater, but that won’t make them good arguments. An argument’s purpose is to compel a listener to believe the conclusion on the basis of the reasons given in support.
What four things should you evaluate in an argument?
Evaluate 4 Factors in Argument Analysis
- Summarize the author’s reasons. In the standards this is stated as identify, explain, or trace the reasons the author provides in his argument. …
- Assess the provided evidence. …
- Identify perspectives represented. …
- Investigate the author’s credibility.
What is evaluation argument?
Evaluative arguments argue that something is good/bad, effective/ineffective, helpful/harmful, etc. They evaluate something based one of the follow three types of criteria: practical, aesthetic, ethical. They consider which set of criteria (practical, aesthetic, ethical) their audience is likely to be convinced by.
What does it mean to evaluate an argument?
An argument is a conclusion based upon evidence (i.e. premises). Arguments are commonly found in newspaper editorials and opinion columns, as well as mgazine essays. To evaluate these arguments, you must judge whether it is good or bad.
How do you analyze and evaluate arguments?
Steps for Analyzing the Argument:
1) Read the argument and instructions carefully. 2) Identify the argument’s claims, conclusions and underlying assumptions. Evaluate their quality. 3) Think of as many alternative explanations and counterexamples as you can.
Which of the following should we ask in evaluating an argument?
In evaluating an argument, we should ask: Does the argument omit any crucial countervailing evidence? In evaluating the sufficiency of an argument’s supporting premises, it is important to ask: If the argument is deductive, does the conclusion follow necessarily from the premises?