## What is Quine’s problem?

The problem is that **in the native language, there may be a different system of reference than in our language, and so there may be words that mean more than one thing**, just as we have words that can have an exact referential meaning and a more “abstract singular term” at the same time (Quine 38).

## Who developed the idea of the indeterminacy of translation?

philosopher W. V. Quine

The indeterminacy of translation is a thesis propounded by 20th-century American analytic philosopher **W. V.** **Quine**. The classic statement of this thesis can be found in his 1960 book Word and Object, which gathered together and refined much of Quine’s previous work on subjects other than formal logic and set theory.

## What does Quine conclude regarding radical translation?

Quine claims that a careful study of such a process reveals that **there can be no determinate and uniquely correct translation, meaning, and reference for any linguistic expression**. As a result, our traditional understanding of meaning and reference is to be thrown away.

## Which philosophy believes that the world is indeterminate and unpredictable?

It is highly relevant to the philosophical problem of free will, particularly in the form of **libertarianism**. In science, most specifically quantum theory in physics, indeterminism is the belief that no event is certain and the entire outcome of anything is probabilistic.

## What is the purpose of radical interpretation?

Radical interpretation is interpretation of a speaker, including **attributing beliefs and desires to them and meanings to their words, from scratch**—that is, without relying on translators, dictionaries, or specific prior knowledge of their mental states.

## What is indeterminacy theory?

The indeterminacy thesis emerged as a left reply to Ronald Dworkin’s “right answer” thesis. In its strongest form it is an extreme version of legal realism. It **argues that nothing is law until it has been promulgated by an official – either a judge or the legislature**.

## What is determinacy and indeterminacy?

A statically determinate structure is one that is stable and all unknown reactive forces can be determined from the equations of equilibrium alone. A statically indeterminate structure is one that is stable but contains more unknown forces than available equations of equilibrium.

## What is the meaning of indeterminacy?

Meaning of indeterminacy in English

**the state of not being measured, counted, or clearly known**: A sort of moral indeterminacy has always been at the centre of his art.

## How do you determine Determinacy?

Quote:

*This determinacy essentially means that the number of equations that we have in order to evaluate the structure is not enough so we have more reactions.*

## How do you find Determinacy?

Quote:

*In essence and n number of part the determinacy of the structure can be calculated by using these equations if R equals three times en the structure is statically determined.*

## What is the difference between determinacy and stability?

Quote:

*We call it statically determinate on the other hand if the number of unknowns is greater than the number of equations. The truss is said to be statically indeterminate here are a few stable trusses.*

## What is an indeterminate structure?

Statically indeterminate structures are **structures that cannot be analyzed using statics, or equations of equilibrium only**; they require other material properties. The degree of indeterminacy is the number of unknown reactions minus the number of equations of equilibrium.

## What is the difference between determinate and indeterminate structures?

Determinate structures are analysed just by the use of basic equilibrium equations. By this analysis, the unknown reactions are found for the further determination of stresses. Redundant or indeterminate structures are not capable of being analysed by mere use of basic equilibrium equations.

## What does it mean when we say stability and instability of the structure?

**Structure is in stable equilibrium when small perturbations do not cause large movements like a mechanism**. Structure vibrates about it equilibrium position. Structure is in unstable equilibrium when small perturbations produce large movements – and the structure never returns to its original equilibrium position.

## Why is structure stability important what might happen if a structure was not stable?

Furthermore, when a structure incapable of meeting the above requirement, **geometry of structural component will change under compression, resulting in loss of ability to resist loading and it would be unstable**. Instability can lead to catastrophic failure that must be accounted in design.

## What is the importance of structural instability?

Stability represents a fundamental problem in solid mechanics, which must be mastered **to ensure the safety of structures against collapse**. The theory of stability is of crucial importance for structural engineering, aerospace engineering, nuclear engineering, offshore, ocean and arctic engineering.