What is the point of thought experiments What is the point of the trolley problem?
The trolley problem is a thought experiment in ethics about a fictional scenario in which an onlooker has the choice to save 5 people in danger of being hit by a trolley, by diverting the trolley to kill just 1 person.
What is the actual answer to the trolley problem?
The only way to save the lives of the five workers is to divert the trolley onto another track that only has one worker on it. If Adam diverts the trolley onto the other track, this one worker will die, but the other five workers will be saved.
What does Sandel trolley problem show?
For those unfamiliar with it, the Trolley Problem is a thought experiment in ethical philosophy (introduced to me and many others in Michael Sandel’s HarvardX ethics course Justice) that looks at how people respond different variations of the same moral dilemma.
What would Bentham say about the Trolley Problem?
For Bentham our trolley problem would be a ‘no brainer’: levers would be pulled and our lone protagonist squashed without regret. But an unequivocal utilitarian would be a colder fish than most of us might want to spend any time with.
What does the trolley problem tell us about the nature of ethics and the specific problems it deals with?
The trolley problem is a question of human morality, and an example of a philosophical view called consequentialism. This view says that morality is defined by the consequences of an action, and that the consequences are all that matter.
What is the trolley problem quizlet?
Thomson claims that if a trolley driver refuses to steer the runaway trolley onto a side track, and because of this the trolley runs over five people, the driver merely lets the five die.
What would a rule utilitarian say about the trolley problem?
In all the trolley scenarios, utilitarians would favor whatever option in which the greater numbers of lives are saved. The moral value of an action is not in its intrinsic nature, but rather in its consequences.
What determines whether an action is morally right according to Bentham?
Bentham maintains that the principle of utility is the only sufficient ground for deciding whether an action is morally right or wrong.
How does Kant’s categorical imperative apply to the classic trolley problem?
The “second formulation” of the Categorical Imperative helps justify the common trolley-problem intuitions above. In the first experiment, while flipping the switch would kill someone, we are not thereby using the person we kill. His death is an unfortunate and unintended consequence of our attempt to save five lives.
What is an example of rule utilitarianism?
In less severe terms, road rules are an example of rule utilitarianism. While it is true that sometimes a person can drive safely even when not following a marked speed limit, it is preferable for all people to follow a standard set of road rules regardless of individual scenarios.
What are the example of utilitarian?
When individuals are deciding what to do for themselves alone, they consider only their own utility. For example, if you are choosing ice cream for yourself, the utilitarian view is that you should choose the flavor that will give you the most pleasure.
What is classical utilitarianism?
Classical utilitarianism is the view that one morally ought to promote just the sum total of happiness over suffering.
How does utilitarianism affect decision making?
Utilitarianism is one of the most common approaches to making ethical decisions, especially decisions with consequences that concern large groups of people, in part because it instructs us to weigh the different amounts of good and bad that will be produced by our action.