One of the philosophers, Robert Nozick, defends his response to the Gettier problem and explains the nature of knowledge. Nozick states that the causal account of knowledge thus has certain plausibility and what we need to do is to formulate further conditions.

What is the point of Gettier problem?

Gettier cases are meant to challenge our understanding of propositional knowledge. This is knowledge which is described by phrases of the form “knowledge that p,” with “p” being replaced by some indicative sentence (such as “Kangaroos have no wings”).

What is the gettier problem for dummies?

A Gettier problem is any example that demonstrates that an individual can satisfy the classical analysis of knowledge – justified true belief – without possessing knowledge.

What do Gettier cases show?

Gettier presented two cases in which a true belief is inferred from a justified false belief. He observed that, intuitively, such beliefs cannot be knowledge; it is merely lucky that they are true. In honour of his contribution to the literature, cases like these have come to be known as “Gettier cases”.

How do you solve the Gettier problem?

The second sense in which the Gettier problem might be solved involves developing a new theory or analysis of knowledge that is not subject to Gettier-type refutation. Not surprisingly, solutions of this second kind also frequently result in the generation of new, higher-level Gettier examples.

What is the best response to Gettier?

A Proposed Solution

The widespread response to the Gettier Problem (as it has come to be known) has been to admit that justification, truth, and belief are individually necessary but jointly insufficient for knowledge and to propose some fourth condition on knowledge.

Is knowledge justified true belief essay Gettier?

In Edmund Gettier’s essay, “Is Justified True Belief Knowledge,” Gettier argues that JTB (Plato’s theory of Justified True Belief) does not necessarily guarantee knowledge. This means that the necessary but not the sufficient conditions for “S knows P” to be true have been met.

What is a Gettier problem example?

Here’s another Gettier case: You have a justified belief that someone in your office owns a Ford. And as it happens it’s true that someone in your office owns a Ford. However, your evidence for your belief all concerns Nogot, who as it turns out owns no Ford.

What is Gettier argument?

Gettier argues that if an agent is justified in believing (g), even though (g) is actually false, then that agent is justified in deducing (h) from (g) and therefore believing that (h). Under such circumstances, (h) is false, because it depends upon (g), which is false.

What are Gettier examples?

Another example of a Gettier case can be developed from an example concerning whether an executive’s secretary is in his office. Suppose that she looked into the office and saw, sitting behind the desk, a figure who looked to her exactly like her secretary.