Is free will compatible with omniscience?
The argument from free will, also called the paradox of free will or theological fatalism, contends that omniscience and free will are incompatible and that any conception of God that incorporates both properties is therefore inconceivable.
What does the free will defense argue?
The free will defense solves the problem of evil by claiming that creatures have power to exert freely some control over their circumstances. Creatures can use freedom for good or evil; evil results from improper creaturely use of freedom.
What is the free will Defence as articulated by Alvin Plantinga?
Plantinga’s Free Will Defense goes as follows: “A world containing creatures who are significantly free (and freely perform more good than evil actions) is more valuable, all else being equal, than a world containing no free creatures at all.
Does Alvin Plantinga believe in free will?
Plantinga rejects the compatibilist notion of freedom whereby God could directly cause agents to only do good without sacrificing their freedom.
What means omniscience?
having infinite awareness, understanding
Definition of omniscient
1 : having infinite awareness, understanding, and insight an omniscient author the narrator seems an omniscient person who tells us about the characters and their relations— Ira Konigsberg. 2 : possessed of universal or complete knowledge the omniscient God.
What are the arguments to prove that God is omniscient?
Some thinkers also argue that God’s omniscience includes perfect foreknowledge. From eternity God has known all things that have come to pass and all things that are yet come to pass. He has ever known exactly what things would have come to pass if His immutable purpose had been different from what it is at any point.
What is Alvin Plantinga’s modal argument for God’s existence?
The original argument basically examines God’s place as a necessary being and unfolds logically why He must exist. As we also learned, modal logic is a way of argument that shows how beings possibly and necessarily exist, thus leading to the conclusion that some beings must necessarily exist.
What is Plantinga’s solution to the problem of evil?
Plantinga claims God and evil could co-exist if God had a morally sufficient reason for allowing evil. He suggests that God’s morally sufficient reason might have something to do with humans being granted morally significant free will and with the greater goods this freedom makes possible.
What is the free will defense to the problem of evil?
One argument, known as the free will defense, claims that evil is caused not by God but by human beings, who must be allowed to choose evil if they are to have free will.
What are the 3 main arguments for the existence of God?
There is certainly no shortage of arguments that purport to establish God’s existence, but ‘Arguments for the existence of God’ focuses on three of the most influential arguments: the cosmological argument, the design argument, and the argument from religious experience.
Does Alvin Plantinga believe in God?
More specifically, Plantinga argues that belief in God is properly basic, and due to a religious externalist epistemology, he claims belief in God could be justified independently of evidence. His externalist epistemology, called “proper functionalism”, is a form of epistemological reliabilism.
Which philosopher proved the existence of God?
His research focuses on metaphysics, ethics, and philosophy of biology. René Descartes‘ (1596-1650) “Proofs of God’s Existence” is a series of arguments that he posits in his 1641 treatise (formal philosophical observation) “Meditations on First Philosophy,” first appearing in “Meditation III.
Does Plato believe in God?
To Plato, God is transcendent-the highest and most perfect being-and one who uses eternal forms, or archetypes, to fashion a universe that is eternal and uncreated. The order and purpose he gives the universe is limited by the imperfections inherent in material.
Who is the real God?
In monotheistic thought, God is usually viewed as the supreme being, creator, and principal object of faith. God is usually conceived of as being omnipotent, omniscient, omnipresent and omnibenevolent as well as having an eternal and necessary existence.
What are the 4 arguments for the existence of God?
Something must be the first or prime mover, the first efficient cause, the necessary ground of contingent beings, the supreme perfection that imperfect beings approach, and the intelligent guide of natural things toward their ends.
How does the first cause argument prove the existence of God?
Scientific discoveries, eg the Big Bang theory , can be seen to support the first cause argument. If God caused the ‘Big Bang’, then God is the ‘first cause’ that brought the cosmos (universe) into existence. It confirms to the theist that there is purpose to the cosmos and a place for God as its ‘creator’.
Who wrote the 5 proofs for the existence of God?
St. Thomas Aquinas
the Five Ways, Latin Quinquae Viae, in the philosophy of religion, the five arguments proposed by St. Thomas Aquinas (1224/25–1274) as demonstrations of the existence of God.