To summarise, whereas Aristotle has a thick, objective, and uniform conception of human nature and is a supporter of natural inequality, Hobbes is a psychological anti- essentialist who defends the natural equality of all human beings regardless of rank, wealth or other such artificial criteria.

How do Aristotle’s and Hobbes conceptions of human nature differ?

While Aristotle sees human flourishing and happiness in a stable, contented state of character in which we posssess and exercise certain habits or dispositions, Hobbes has a restless view.

How does Aristotle define the human good?

Aristotle begins the Nicomachean Ethics by emphasizing that the virtuous person should understand the nature of the best good achievable by humans in action, something Aristotle calls the “human good.” In Nicomachean Ethics I 7, he defines the human good as “activity of the <rational part of the human> soul on the …

Did Thomas Hobbes believe humans were good?

Hobbes believed that humans were naturally selfish, greedy, and cruel, while Locke contended that people were naturally reasonable and moral.

How does Hobbes define goodness the good is?

On one hand, Hobbes maintains that those actions are morally good which contribute to the preservation and general well-being of the agent. If a certain kind of action has such consequences, then it is enjoined by the natural law.

How do Hobbes and Aristotle differ?

To summarise, whereas Aristotle has a thick, objective, and uniform conception of human nature and is a supporter of natural inequality, Hobbes is a psychological anti- essentialist who defends the natural equality of all human beings regardless of rank, wealth or other such artificial criteria.

What is the greatest good according to Hobbes?

Hobbes says there is no greatest good, and here he says he is no hedonist. Pleasure as such is only one of the possible goals in life, nor is a promise of eternal life the ultimate good in “this life.” What we have is a plurality of goods in a seemingly idiosyncratic fashion.

What is Hobbes theory of human nature?

Hobbes believed that human beings naturally desire the power to live well and that they will never be satisfied with the power they have without acquiring more power. After this, he believes, there usually succeeds a new desire such as fame and glory, ease and sensual pleasure or admiration from others.

How did Aristotle view virtue?

Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices. We learn moral virtue primarily through habit and practice rather than through reasoning and instruction.

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