What is Mill’s basic claim about happiness?
There, Mill aims to show that happiness is the one and only thing desirable in itself (U IV 2). To do this, he argues that happiness is desirable in itself (IV 3), and a central premise in this argument is that everyone desires his own happiness (IV 3). Mill later argues that only happiness is desirable (IV 4).
What does Mill say about the possibility of happiness for humans?
According to Mill, humans cannot desire anything except that which is either aninstrument to or a component of happiness. He concedes that people seem to strive for every possible thing as ultimate ends. Philosophers may pursue knowledge as their ultimate goal; others value virtue, fame or wealth.
What does Mill think the two components of a satisfied life are?
The main constituents of a satisfied life appear to be two, either of which by itself is often found sufficient for the purpose: tranquillity, and excitement.
What is Mill’s greatest happiness principle quizlet?
What is the “greatest happiness principle?” Actions are right in as much as they tend to promote happiness and wrong in as much as they do the opposite. In other words, happiness is pleasure in the absence of pain.
What is Mill’s harm principle?
The harm principle says people should be free to act however they wish unless their actions cause harm to somebody else. The principle is a central tenet of the political philosophy known as liberalism and was first proposed by English philosopher John Stuart Mill.
How does Mill define happiness and unhappiness quizlet?
-John Mill defined happiness as the presence of pleasure and the absence of pain. Unhappiness is the presence of pain and the absence of pleasure.
What is the theory of life the greatest happiness principle is based on?
The greatest happiness principle is the ultimate standard of morality set up by classical utilitarianism (see Utilitarianism). That classical creed conceives of good as happiness (see Happiness) and holds that right actions are those which maximize the total happiness of the members of the community.
How does Mill attempt to demonstrate that only happiness is desirable as an ultimate end?
Mill argues that the only proof that something is desirable is that people actually desire it. It is a fact that happiness is a good, because all people desire their own happiness. Thus, it is clear that happiness is at least one end, and one criterion, of morality.
What does Mill mean when he claims that motives have nothing to do with the morality of an action?
Motives as criterion for rightness/wrongness: Acc to Mill (and utilitarians in general) the agent’s motives are irrelevant to the rightness or wrongness of his actions. Thus, ‘the motive has nothing to do with the morality of the action, though much with the worth of the agent.
Which theory is developed by John Stuart Mill?
Mill combined economics with philosophy. He believed in a moral theory called utilitarianism—that actions that lead to people’s happiness are right and that those that lead to suffering are wrong.
What is John Stuart Mill best known for?
His most important works include System of Logic (1843), On Liberty (1859), Utilitarianism (1861) and An Examination of Sir William Hamilton’s Philosophy (1865). 3.7 Mill’s Theoretical Philosophy: Self-Supporting or Self-Undermining?
What is the main idea of utilitarianism according to Mill and Bentham?
utilitarianism, in normative ethics, a tradition stemming from the late 18th- and 19th-century English philosophers and economists Jeremy Bentham and John Stuart Mill according to which an action (or type of action) is right if it tends to promote happiness or pleasure and wrong if it tends to produce unhappiness or …