Conclusively, a good explanation is not necessarily true but, within the Arts, a true explanation must be good. Any artistic interpretation is always true, but the presence of sense perception, intuition, and imagination are imperative to the “goodness” of an explanation.
What counts as a good explanation?
It is what is strange or surprising that we do not understand; a good explanation gives us understanding by making the phenomenon familiar, presumably by relating it to other things that are already familiar (cf. Hempel 1965, 430-433; Friedman 1974, 9-11).
Can an explanation be false?
An explanation is constituted by an actual explanandum and an actual explanans. A possible or false explanans does not explain an actual explanandum. That being said, a relationship that does not satisfy the veridicality condition may afford understanding.
What is meant by falsifiable?
Falsifiability is the capacity for some proposition, statement, theory or hypothesis to be proven wrong. That capacity is an essential component of the scientific method and hypothesis testing. In a scientific context, falsifiability is sometimes considered synonymous with testability.
What is an example of falsification?
Examples of fabrication or falsification include the following: Artificially creating data when it should be collected from an actual experiment. Unauthorized altering or falsification of data, documents, images, music, art or other work.
Why must a theory be falsifiable?
A theory or hypothesis is falsifiable (or refutable) if it can be logically contradicted by an empirical test that can potentially be executed with existing technologies. The purpose of falsifiability, even being a logical criterion, is to make the theory predictive and testable, thus useful in practice.
Is a good hypothesis falsifiable?
A hypothesis must also be falsifiable. That is, there must be a possible negative answer. For example, if I hypothesize that all green apples are sour, tasting one that is sweet will falsify the hypothesis. Note, however, that it is never possible to prove that a hypothesis is absolutely true.
Is good science falsifiable?
The legendary philosopher of science Karl Popper argued that good science is falsifiable, in that it makes precise claims which can be tested and then discarded (falsified) if they don’t hold up under testing.
Do theories have to be testable?
A theory not only explains known facts; it also allows scientists to make predictions of what they should observe if a theory is true. Scientific theories are testable. New evidence should be compatible with a theory. If it isn’t, the theory is refined or rejected.
Can theories be proven?
A scientific theory is not the end result of the scientific method; theories can be proven or rejected, just like hypotheses. And theories are continually improved or modified as more information is gathered, so that the accuracy of the prediction becomes greater over time.
Can a hypothesis be proven true Why or why not?
In science, a hypothesis is an educated guess that can be tested with observations and falsified if it really is false. You cannot prove conclusively that most hypotheses are true because it’s generally impossible to examine all possible cases for exceptions that would disprove them.
Is a hypothesis a testable explanation?
A hypothesis is a tentative statement that proposes a possible explanation to some phenomenon or event. A useful hypothesis is a testable statement, which may include a prediction. A hypothesis should not be confused with a theory. Theories are general explanations based on a large amount of data.
What is a good hypothesis statement?
A good hypothesis will be written as a statement or question that specifies: The dependent variable(s): who or what you expect to be affected. The independent variable(s): who or what you predict will affect the dependent variable. What you predict the effect will be.
Is a hypothesis a fact?
The distinction between a theory, a law, a fact and an hypothesis is subtle. Theories, laws and facts can start out as hypothesis when they are first proposed and before they are rigorously tested.