What Nietzsche did and did not read?

Although Nietzsche thought of himself as a philosopher from the early 1870s on, he rarely read any of the technical literature of philosophy. His knowledge of philosophical classics – apart from Plato – came mainly from compendia on the history of philosophy.

Did Nietzsche read Spinoza?

Late in life he read Spinoza, whom he called his “precursor”, in particular for his criticisms of free will, teleology and his thoughts on the role of affects, joy and sadness.

What did Friedrich Nietzsche critique?

Nietzsche often thought of his writings as struggles with nihilism, and apart from his critiques of religion, philosophy, and morality he developed original theses that have commanded attention, especially perspectivism, the will to power, eternal recurrence, and the superman.

Did Nietzsche read Kant?

Some scholars assume that in 1867–68 he studied (some sections of) the third Critique first-hand and/or that two decades later, during his stay in Chur (8 May–8 June 1887), he did some direct reading of works by Kant in the public library.

Did Nietzsche read Marx?

Such common views, how- ever, disregard Nietzsche’s strong interest in socio-economic matters and the fact that he was fairly well read in contemporary literature dealing with politi- cal economy; indeed, while he may not have read Marx’s writings directly, he knew of Marx’s economic and political theories from several …

Did Nietzsche read Descartes?

According to Itaparica, Nietzsche’s critique of Descartes seems to indicate he had misread Descartes’ cogito reasoning.

What did Tolstoy say about Nietzsche?

Tolstoy preaches the suppres- sion of all instincts, the rejection of all the demands of the animal in man; for Nietzsche “everything good is instinct,” while “to have to contend with instincts” is for him the sign of decadence. Tolstoy finds the only way of happiness in the.

What did Nietzsche think of Schopenhauer?

Nietzsche abandoned his former enthusiasm for Schopenhauer’s philosophy because he came to conceive of Schopenhauer’s advocacy of quietism as symptomatic of decadence, of a descending order of life that is tired and impaired and unable to enjoy and relish life in the way that alone the most physiologically and …