What is ego According to Sartre?

The “ego,” then, is not discovered in reflection but is created by it. It is not, however, an abstraction, or a mere idea. Rather, it is the “concrete totality” of my reflective states of consciousness, constituted by them in the way that a melody is constituted by discrete notes.

What does Husserl mean by transcendental ego?

For Edmund Husserl, pure consciousness, for which everything that exists is an object, is the ground for the foundation and constitution of all meaning. For Giovanni Gentile, it is the self that comes to consciousness when one expresses one’s thoughts in language, the self whose being is pure act.

Did Sartre study under Husserl?

At the University of Freiburg he began his studies in theology, but after four semesters he came under the influence of Husserl and changed his major to philosophy.

What are the basic features of Husserl’s phenomenology?

According to classical Husserlian phenomenology, our experience is directed toward—represents or “intends”—things only through particular concepts, thoughts, ideas, images, etc. These make up the meaning or content of a given experience, and are distinct from the things they present or mean.

What is pure ego?

(Chiefly in phenomenological thought) the essential, transcendental self that exists prior to, and is unchanged by, experience.

What is Sartre transcendence?

Sartre’s use of the term ‘transcendence’ follows Husserl’s, and refers to an opposition central to Husserl’s thought. In Husserl’s usage, an object of consciousness is ‘immanent’ if all its parts are contained within a single conscious experience.

What is the difference between Husserl and Heidegger?

Heidegger investigates meaning of being in the existing world from intersubjective ontological perspective. While Husserl focusing on reflections of the noesis and the noema on the living world, alternatively Heidegger interprets human existence over time.

Why is Husserl the father of phenomenology?

In his mature work, he sought to develop a systematic foundational science based on the so-called phenomenological reduction. Arguing that transcendental consciousness sets the limits of all possible knowledge, Husserl redefined phenomenology as a transcendental-idealist philosophy.