What does Aristotle say about unjust laws?
An individual is not at all justified in disobeying an unjust law. That individual should be punished, but the individual should also try to change the law within the system. Lawlessness is worse than the inevitable deficiencies of any particular system of laws.
What did Aristotle say about injustice?
Aristotle has made it clear that injustice is a result of wanting more than one’s fair share and has stated explicitly that behavior motivated by lust or anger is not unjust but rather licentious or irascible.
What is it that makes an act just or unjust Aristotle?
There are just and unjust acts, but for an act to be done justly or unjustly, it must both be the right sort of act and it must be done voluntarily and deliberately, based on the character of the actor, and with knowledge of the nature of the action.
What did Aristotle write books about?
Aristotle’s Books. Aristotle wrote an estimated 200 works, most in the form of notes and manuscript drafts touching on reasoning, rhetoric, politics, ethics, science and psychology. They consist of dialogues, records of scientific observations and systematic works.
What did Aristotle write?
His most important treatises include Physics, Metaphysics, Nicomachean Ethics, Politics, On the Soul and Poetics.
What was Aristotle known for?
Aristotle is a towering figure in ancient Greek philosophy, who made important contributions to logic, criticism, rhetoric, physics, biology, psychology, mathematics, metaphysics, ethics, and politics. He was a student of Plato for twenty years but is famous for rejecting Plato’s theory of forms.
What is Aristotle’s virtue of justice?
Aristotle endorses this familiar conception of justice when he says that justice is lawfulness. In his view, justice has to do with proper relations with and fulfillment of obligations to others. It is a social virtue that belongs to people insofar as they live with, cooperate with, and rely on others.
What is Aristotle’s corrective justice?
Aristotle’s account of corrective justice describes the form of the private law relationship. Corrective justice treats the wrong, and the transfer of resources that undoes it, as a single nexus of activity and passivity where actor and victim are defined in relation to each other.
WHO made the statement the just therefore means that which is lawful and that which is equal or fair?
Aristotle, Nicomachean Ethics, Book 5.
What is good without qualification Aristotle?
Aristotle says the good must be “final without qualification.” Note how he explains this phrase. The word “final” is related to the idea of an end, or what is being aimed at in an action or activity.] Let us again return to the good we are seeking, and ask what it can be.
What does Aristotle mean by self sufficiency?
Aristotle, in making self-sufficiency a requirement of happiness, defines the self-sufficient (to autarkes) as ‘that which on its own makes life worthy of choice and lacking in nothing‘.
How does Kant differ from Aristotle?
This follows from Kant’s insistence that an act is virtuous only if the moral agent is willing freely and universally. Secondly, Aristotle’s virtues modify behavior directly, whereas Kant’s virtues modify behavior indirectly by creating moral feeling which, in turn, represses the temptations of the natural inclination.
What does it mean to say something is good without qualification?
Kant says that a good will is good without qualification . This means that a good will is always good, and does not require anything else to be good. Indeed, we cannot imagine a situation, according to Kant, in which we would disapprove of a good will.
What according to Kant is the only thing that is good without qualification how are all other goods qualified?
The only thing that is good without qualification is the good will, Kant says. All other candidates for an intrinsic good have problems, Kant argues. Courage, health, and wealth can all be used for bad purposes, Kant argues, and therefore cannot be intrinsically good.
Why does Kant say that the good will is good without qualifications?
Kant means that a good will is “good without qualification” as such an absolute good in-itself, universally good in every instance and never merely as good to some yet further end. 2. Why is a “good will” the only thing which is universally absolutely good?
What does Kant claim is the only thing that is good without limitation?
the good will
Kant says that the good will is the only thing “good without limitation” (ohne Einschränkung).
What is the other kind of imperative that Kant defines in order to achieve limited rather than universal goals?
According to him, this was called the Categorical Imperative. What is the Categorical Imperative? Kant believed that if you know what this principle is (from within your human mind) that you will know right from wrong naturally.
What are some problems with Kantian ethics?
The most common and general criticisms are that, because it concentrates on principles or rules, Kantian ethics is doomed to be either empty and formalistic or rigidly uniform in its prescriptions (the complaints cannot both be true).
Why does Kant think that the only thing that could be considered good without limitation is a good will quizlet?
Why does Kant think that the only thing that could be considered good without limitation is a good will? One’s talents and temperament can be evil if accompanied by an evil will.
Can the ethics of Immanuel Kant be the basis of morality Why or why not?
For Hegel, it is unnatural for humans to suppress their desire and subordinate it to reason. This means that, by not addressing the tension between self-interest and morality, Kant’s ethics cannot give humans any reason to be moral.
Why does Immanuel Kant think that we can never be certain that any of our actions are morally good actions?
6. The Humanity Formula. Most philosophers who find Kant’s views attractive find them so because of the Humanity Formulation of the CI. This formulation states that we should never act in such a way that we treat humanity, whether in ourselves or in others, as a means only but always as an end in itself.
Who created Kantian ethics?
Immanuel Kant (1724—1804) was a transformative figure in modern Western philosophy due to his ground-breaking work in metaphysics and ethics. He was one of the most influential philosophers of the 18th century, and his work in metaphysics and ethics have had a lasting impact to this day.
Is an ethical theory that uses rules to distinguish right from wrong?
Deontology is an ethical theory that uses rules to distinguish right from wrong. Deontology is often associated with philosopher Immanuel Kant. Kant believed that ethical actions follow universal moral laws, such as “Don’t lie. Don’t steal.
Which ethical theory is the best?
Utilitarianism holds that the most ethical choice is the one that will produce the greatest good for the greatest number. It is the only moral framework that can be used to justify military force or war.
What are the 4 ethical theories?
Four broad categories of ethical theory include deontology, utilitarianism, rights, and virtues.
What ethical theory is primarily concerned with fulfilling one’s duty and argues that consequences do not determine what is right?
–Kantian normative moral theory: says that the rightness or wrongness of actions does not depend on theory consequences, but on whether or not they fulfill our duty.
Which ethical theory is primarily concerned with the motivations of the person performing an action *?
Virtue ethics employ desired virtues of individuals considered morally good to create a set of principles and practices. Explore the strengths and weaknesses of using a virtue ethics system as a guideline for decision-making, policy, and practice.
Which ethical theory could allow an innocent person to be executed if the execution would benefit society?
But deterrence theories could allow executing the innocent: if executing an innocent person would prevent future murders and authorities could keep her innocence secret, the benefits would plausibly outweigh the costs and deterrence theories would support killing her.