Aristotle spoke of ἐγκράτεια (continence, moral strength, self-control) in Nicomachean EthicsNicomachean EthicsAristotle’s ethics, or study of character, is built around the premise that people should achieve an excellent character (a virtuous character, “ethikē aretē” in Greek) as a pre-condition for attaining happiness or well-being (eudaimonia).

What are the 4 questions of Aristotle?

Aristotle’s Four Questions of Inquiry

  • That it is (to hoti) : Is it a fact that a thing has a property? ( …
  • Why it is (to dioti) : Why does a thing have a property? ( …
  • Whether it is (ei esti) : Does a thing or property exist? ( …
  • What it is (ti esti) : What is the nature and meaning of a thing or property? (

Did Aristotle believe in love?

Modern romantic love returns to Aristotle’s version of the special love two people find in each other’s virtues-one soul and two bodies, as he poetically puts it. It is deemed to be of a higher status, ethically, aesthetically, and even metaphysically than the love that behaviorists or physicalists describe.

What did Aristotle say about love?

Two points are clear from Aristotle’s definition of love. First, it is unequivocally and emphatically altruistic: one wishes and acts to realize good things for the other’s sake, in accord with what the other conceives of as good – reciprocally so in the case of friendship.

What are Aristotle’s thoughts on pleasure?

As Aristotle expresses it, pleasure is the natural accompaniment of unimpeded activity. Pleasure, as such, is neither good nor bad, but is something positive because the effect of pleasure perfects the exercise of that activity. Even so, Aristotle emphasizes that pleasure is not to be sought for its own sake.

What did Aristotle believe?

Aristotle’s philosophy stresses biology, instead of mathematics like Plato. He believed the world was made up of individuals (substances) occurring in fixed natural kinds (species). Each individual has built-in patterns of development, which help it grow toward becoming a fully developed individual of its kind.

What is Aristotle best known for?

Aristotle was one of the greatest philosophers who ever lived and the first genuine scientist in history. He made pioneering contributions to all fields of philosophy and science, he invented the field of formal logic, and he identified the various scientific disciplines and explored their relationships to each other.

Why does Aristotle reject the life of pleasure?

Pleasure is not a quality, while good is, so pleasure cannot be a good. Aristotle rejects the idea that a good must be a quality. Virtue and eudaimonia are goods, he insists, and they aren’t qualities either. Pleasure admits of degrees, that is, something can be more or less pleasant, whereas a good is simply good.

Why is pleasure relevant to virtue for Aristotle?

Why is pleasure relevant to virtue for Aristotle? Whatever brings about the most pleasure for all those affected is virtuous. Whatever brings about the most pleasure for oneself is virtuous. The truly virtuous person will take pleasure in doing the right thing.

Is pleasure self sufficient according to Aristotle?

Aristotle, in making self-sufficiency a requirement of happiness, defines the self-sufficient (to autarkes) as ‘that which on its own makes life worthy of choice and lacking in nothing’.

Does virtue mean virginity?

chastity; virginity: to lose one’s virtue. a particular moral excellence. Compare cardinal virtues, natural virtue, theological virtue. a good or admirable quality or property: the virtue of knowing one’s weaknesses.

What is the highest good according to Aristotle?

For Aristotle, eudaimonia is the highest human good, the only human good that is desirable for its own sake (as an end in itself) rather than for the sake of something else (as a means toward some other end).

Does Kant agree with Aristotle?

The traditional view of the relationship between the moral theories of Aristotle and Kant is that the two were fundamentally opposed to each other. Kant not only radically rejected Aristotle’s eudaimonism, but he was also opposed to virtue as a fundamental ethical category.

How did Aristotle view virtue?

Aristotle defines moral virtue as a disposition to behave in the right manner and as a mean between extremes of deficiency and excess, which are vices. We learn moral virtue primarily through habit and practice rather than through reasoning and instruction.