What is justifiable harm?

Here it is again: The Causal Principle of Justified Harm (C): A harmful action that causes greater benefits can sometimes be justified by those benefits, but a harmful action that does not cause greater benefits cannot be justified by any subsequent benefits that the action, itself, does not cause.

Can killing Be moral?

As Lazar asserts, to kill in any context other than in war, or in self-defence[1] during ordinary circumstances, is a violation of our duty to uphold the right of others to life (Lazar 2009: 699-700). This implies that killing during war can be morally justified, at a minimum through appeals to self-defence.

What is the ethical answer to the trolley problem?

Foot’s own response to the Trolley Problem was that the morally justified action would be to steer the trolley to kill the one workman, thus saving a net four lives. In order to demonstrate the morality of this, she made a distinction between what she called ‘negative duties’ and ‘positive duties’.

Is killing allowed in war?

The international law of war limits the use of violence, largely through protections afforded to civilians. However, the law provides no principled limit on the taking of combatant life — soldiers may be killed even if to do so would contribute absolutely no military advantage.

Is killing a person justifiable?

A non-criminal homicide ruling, usually committed in self-defense or in defense of another, exists under United States law. A homicide may be considered justified if it is done to prevent a very serious crime, such as rape, armed robbery, manslaughter or murder.

Is revenge ever justifiable?

The desire to take revenge may be justified by the incapacity of the legal system of justice to fully restore the previous situation; but we cannot appeal to justice for help; only for condonation. Revenge can never be part of the system of justice; nor can it be justified as ‘just’.

What are the 11 war crimes?

Crimes against humanity

  • murder.
  • extermination.
  • enslavement.
  • deportation.
  • mass systematic rape and sexual enslavement in a time of war.
  • other inhumane acts.

What is Wilful killing?

A killing of one or more persons, who were protected under the Geneva Conventions of 1949, the perpetrator knew of the factual circumstances establishing that protection, the conduct was associated with an international armed conflict.

Are flamethrowers legal in war?

The military use of flamethrowers is restricted through the Protocol on Incendiary Weapons. Apart from the military applications, flamethrowers have peacetime applications where there is a need for controlled burning, such as in sugarcane harvesting and other land-management tasks.

What are the 5 laws of war?

Principles of the laws of war

Military necessity, along with distinction, proportionality, humanity (sometimes called unnecessary suffering), and honor (sometimes called chivalry) are the five most commonly cited principles of international humanitarian law governing the legal use of force in an armed conflict.

Is looting a war crime?

During modern-day armed conflicts, looting is prohibited by international law, and constitutes a war crime.

Why is war legal?

In one – represented by the old world order – all states agree that war is legal, a tool to right wrongs. In that world, conquest is permissible, aggression is not a crime, neutrals must stay impartial (thus economic sanctions against aggressors are illegal) and agreements may be coerced by the threat of violence.

Are soldiers allowed to take war trophies?

Although it’s tempting to bring back reminders of service in a military campaign, with few exceptions, taking or retaining individual souvenirs or trophies is prohibited. “It is against the law to take certain souvenirs from a war zone,” said 1st Lt.

Can US soldiers loot?

The Fourth Geneva Convention of 1949 explicitly prohibits the looting of civilian property during wartime. The Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 (modified in 1954) obliges military forces not only to avoid destruction of enemy property, but to provide protection to it.

Was looting legal in ww2?

Most American troops confined their souvenir-taking to things that were officially allowed. This is why you can go to gun shops in America and find German, Italian, and Japanese weapons from World War II. Occasionally they are sold along with original army capture papers allowing a soldier to possess the item.

Is looting illegal?

Of course, looting is, first and foremost, a form of stealing. As such, depending on how it is perpetrated, the looter may be arrested for petty theft, larceny, grand theft, burglary, or another, similar crime. Some states also have laws that pertain specifically to looting, often with stiffer penalties.