What is the difference between a paradox and a contradiction?
A contradiction is something that cannot be true, because it refutes its premises. In the strictest sense, a paradox is something that can be neither be true nor false, because refuting the premises provides an equally false set of premises.
What are examples of contradictions?
Here are some simple examples of contradictions.
- I love you and I don’t love you.
- Butch is married to Barb but Barb is not married to Butch.
- I know I promised to show up today, but I don’t see why I should come if I don’t feel like it.
- The restaurant opens at five o’clock and it begins serving between four and nine.
Is a contradiction True or false?
A contradiction is something that is always false, regardless of it’s truth values.
Can two contradictory things both be true?
In logic, the law of non-contradiction (LNC) (also known as the law of contradiction, principle of non-contradiction (PNC), or the principle of contradiction) states that contradictory propositions cannot both be true in the same sense at the same time, e. g. the two propositions “p is the case” and “p is not the case” …
Does irony mean contradiction?
Irony: A contradiction between appearance or expectation and reality. 1. Verbal irony is when a speaker says one thing and means something else or the opposite.
Are paradoxes contradictions?
A paradox is a logically self-contradictory statement or a statement that runs contrary to one’s expectation. It is a statement that, despite apparently valid reasoning from true premises, leads to a seemingly self-contradictory or a logically unacceptable conclusion.
Why are contradictions impossible?
Opposition between terms cannot be contradictory in nature, both because only statements (subject-predicate combinations) can be true or false (Categories 13b3–12) and because any two terms may simultaneously fail to apply to a given subject.
Can a contradiction exist?
Dialetheism (from Greek δι- di- ‘twice’ and ἀλήθεια alḗtheia ‘truth’) is the view that there are statements that are both true and false. More precisely, it is the belief that there can be a true statement whose negation is also true. Such statements are called “true contradictions”, dialetheia, or nondualisms.
What are the 3 laws of logic?
laws of thought, traditionally, the three fundamental laws of logic: (1) the law of contradiction, (2) the law of excluded middle (or third), and (3) the principle of identity.
Are contradictions bad?
When we learn that there is a contradiction among our beliefs we learn (1) that some of our beliefs are false, and (2) that we hold some beliefs that if used together as premises in an argument may lead us astray in a special way [i.e. logical ‘explosion’].
Do philosophers contradict?
Of course, some philosophers throughout history have disagreed such as Heraclitus, Hegel, and modern-day dialetheists like Graham Priest who hold that there are some true contradictions. But one relatively overlooked yet extreme example is the great German idealist philosopher F. W. J. Schelling (1775-1854).
What is a synonym for contradiction?
nounno-win situation. contradiction. dilemma. lose-lose. paradox.
What is opposite of contradiction?
Opposite of a seemingly absurd or contradictory statement or proposition. agreement. acceptance. accord. approval.
What word is the opposite of contradict?
Antonyms for contradict. agree (with), concur (with)
What does it mean to contradict someone?
Definition of contradict
transitive verb. 1 : to assert the contrary of : take issue with contradict a rumor She contradicted her brother’s account of what happened. 2 : to imply the opposite or a denial of Your actions contradict your words.
What do you call someone who disagrees with everything you say?
A contrarian is someone who takes an opposing view, especially for the sake of being difficult, contentious or in opposition to the generally held view. This could also be used as an adjective.
What does it mean when you contradict yourself?
Definition of contradict oneself
: to say or do something that is opposite or very different in meaning to something else that one said or did earlier The witness contradicted herself when she insisted she could identify the thief even though she had said that the night was too foggy to see clearly.