Which employers are covered? Employers cannot discriminate against individuals when hiring, firing, or recruiting because the individuals are or are not U.S. citizens, or because of their immigration status or type of employment authorization.

What are examples of national origin discrimination?

One of the most obvious examples of national origin discrimination is discriminated based on an employee’s affiliation with a particular ethnic group. For example, an employer cannot harass an employee because she is of Jewish descent. Similarly, an employer cannot pay an employee less because he is Middle Eastern.

What is discrimination based on national origin?

National origin discrimination involves treating people (applicants or employees) unfavorably because they are from a particular country or part of the world, because of ethnicity or accent, or because they appear to be of a certain ethnic background (even if they are not).

Can you discriminate based on nationality?

Federal laws prohibit discrimination based on a person’s national origin, race, color, religion, disability, sex, and familial status. Laws prohibiting national origin discrimination make it illegal to discriminate because of a person’s birthplace, ancestry, culture or language.

Can my employer ask about my national origin?

Federal law does not prohibit employers from asking you about your national origin. However, because such questions may indicate a possible intent to discriminate based on national origin, we recommend that employers ensure that they ask about national origin only for a lawful purpose.

What are the 4 types of discrimination?

The 4 types of Discrimination

  • Direct discrimination.
  • Indirect discrimination.
  • Harassment.
  • Victimisation.

Can employers discriminate based on citizenship?

A part of the Immigration and Nationality Act, found at 8 U.S.C. section 1324b, prohibits employers from discriminating against individuals based on their citizenship or immigration status, or their national origin, during the hiring, firing, recruiting, Form I-9, or E-Verify processes.

What two laws protect people from discrimination based on national origin?

OVERVIEW. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended, protects applicants and employees from employment discrimination based on their race, color, religion, sex, national origin, opposition to practices made unlawful by Title VII, or participation in Title VII proceedings.

What law prohibits discrimination based on race or ancestry?

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, 42 U.S.C. § 2000e, makes it illegal to discriminate against someone on the basis of race, color, religion, national origin, or sex.

What is national origin harassment?

National Origin – Hostile Work Environment

It is illegal to subject an employee to a hostile work environment based upon an employee’s national origin. Harassment based upon national origin can include offensive or derogatory remarks about a person’s national origin, accent or ethnicity.

What are employers not allowed to ask?

Disability. Gender, sex or sexual orientation. Marital status, family, or pregnancy. Race, color, or ethnicity.

What can you not discriminate against?

It is illegal for an employer to discriminate against a job applicant because of his or her race, color, religion, sex (including gender identity, sexual orientation, and pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information.

What is fair hiring?

Fair hiring is a term that encompasses not only job discrimination laws but also the idea that hiring should be based on merit — and not related to a candidate’s ethnicity, gender, religion, or any other quality unrelated to their skills and expertise.