4. A chain of causes cannot be infinite. effect, nor any intermediate efficient causes; all of which is plainly false. Therefore it is necessary to admit a first cause, to which everyone gives the name of God.
Can a chain of causes be infinite?
cause of itself, it would be prior to itself Nothing is prior to itself. A chain of causes cannot be infinite. to take away the cause is to take away the effect. Therefore, if there be no first cause among efficient causes, there will be no ultimate, nor any intermediate, cause.
Is an infinite regress of causes possible?
The mere existence of an infinite regress by itself is not a proof for anything. So in addition to connecting the theory to a recursive principle paired with a triggering condition, the argument has to show in which way the resulting regress is vicious.
Is infinite regress a fallacy?
The fallacy of Infinite Regress occurs when this habit lulls us into accepting an explanation that turns out to be itterative, that is, the mechanism involved depends upon itself for its own explanation.
What is infinite regress in the cosmological argument?
An infinite regress is an infinite series of entities governed by a recursive principle that determines how each entity in the series depends on or is produced by its predecessor. An infinite regress argument is an argument against a theory based on the fact that this theory leads to an infinite regress.
What is the efficient cause of the universe?
There is an efficient cause for everything; nothing can be the efficient cause of itself. It is not possible to regress to infinity in efficient causes. To take away the cause is to take away the effect. If there be no first cause then there will be no others.
Which one is first cause or effect?
The cause always takes place before the effect: Something happens, which leads to a result. But the cause and effect don’t have to be presented in time order in the passage. The effect may be presented first, even though the cause occurred earlier.
What is a vicious infinite regress?
A vicious infinite regress occurs when an explanation is offered to solve some problem (e.g. in philosophy) and the very same problem recurs within the proposed explanation (though, at first, this defect might not be obvious).
Is the past infinite?
There never was a time when the past became infinite because no set can become infinite by adding any finite number of members. So, if the past is infinite, then it has always been infinite.
What are the weaknesses of the cosmological argument?
- No proof of God’s existence.
- Lots of Inductive Leaps (Hume)
- No imperial evidence (Hume)
- Assumptions between cause and effect.
- The world may be infinite and doesn’t need to have a cause (Russell and Oscillating Universe Theory)
- Contradicting statements – Everything needs a cause, but God doesn’t need a cause.
Is Infinity a contradiction?
It’s not that “infinity is the biggest integer” – such an idea is contradictory. It’s that “there is no such thing as the largest-possible integer.” Or, shorthand, “Positive integers are infinite in size.”
What is the uncaused cause?
(philosophy) Since all things must come from something that causes them the uncaused cause is that one thing that began the chain of existance, often identified as God. adjective. 1. 1. That which happens spontaneously, unintended and uninitiated.
What is the contingency argument for God?
The “Argument from Contingency” examines how every being must be either necessary or contingent. Since not every being can be contingent, it follow that there must be a necessary being upon which all things depend. This being is God.
What are the 5 proofs of God’s existence?
Thomas Aquinas’ Five Ways to Prove the Existence of God
- The First Way: Motion.
- The Second Way: Efficient Cause.
- The Third Way: Possibility and Necessity.
- The Fourth Way: Gradation.
- The Fifth Way: Design.
Can something happen without a cause?
Perhaps the principle of causality applies within the universe, but not to the universe. This might allow the universe as a whole to be uncaused. An event doesn’t have a cause if it doesn’t actually happen and there was never anything that stopped it happening. Coincidence!
Who wrote the 5 proofs for the existence of God?
St. Thomas Aquinas
the Five Ways, Latin Quinquae Viae, in the philosophy of religion, the five arguments proposed by St. Thomas Aquinas (1224/25–1274) as demonstrations of the existence of God.
How do we know God exist?
As mentioned earlier, evidence for God’s existence is widely available through creation, conscience, rationality and human experience.
What are the 3 main arguments for the existence of God?
There is certainly no shortage of arguments that purport to establish God’s existence, but ‘Arguments for the existence of God’ focuses on three of the most influential arguments: the cosmological argument, the design argument, and the argument from religious experience.